This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Psychological Factors Of Stress Essay

1243 words - 5 pages

The purpose of this essay is to apply psychological factors of stress to Sarah’s case
study. Sarah is a 23 year old single parent who has suffered from arthritis since the
age of 8 years old; due to this condition she has periods of pain that fluctuates
leading to mobility problems. Sarah receives support from her mother and her friend
to help care for her daughter when she has poor mobility. Sarah also has issues with
her estranged boyfriend over visiting rights. Sarah is in receipt of welfare
benefits which are under threat due to new welfare reforms.
Sarah has been referred to mental health nursing as she is suffering from
depression, due to life events this may have been caused by stress. The definition of
stress that I have chosen to use is “Stress occurs when a person perceives that the
demands of an external situation are beyond his or her perceived ability to cope with
them” (Lazarus, 1966). Too much or on-going stress can lead to physical and
emotional problems to our well-being. The reason this happens is because the body
releases hormones called cortisol, adrenaline and noradrenaline into the bodies
blood stream causing the fight or flight response this causes the body to get ready to
deal with the danger or threat (stressor). If the stressor continues the body remains
to release these hormones causing other problems to the body, such as high blood
pressure and this happens when too much adrenaline is released through the blood
stream. Continued stress then leads to further complications and in such cases
disease and chronic illness begin to manifest including mental illness leading to
anxiety and depression. A scientist called Hans Selye introduced the General
Adaptation Syndrome model in 1936 which describes the three stages a persons
body goes through when stress occurs. These three stages are called the Alarm
stage, Resistance stage and Exhaustion stage. One of his definitions of stress is
“Every stress leaves an indelible scar, and the organism pays for its survival after a
stressful situation by becoming a little older” (Hans Selye 1936). Another model I
have chosen is the Cognitive Appraisal Model which was introduced by Lazarus and
Folkman in 1984 where they describe stress as “a two way process; it involves the
production of stressors by the external environment, and the response of an
individual subjected to these stressors” (Lazarus and Folman, 1984). They describe
stress as a two way process; the environmental stressors and a person’s way of
dealing with the stressors. Cognitive appraisal is a mental process and is
characterised in two stages called the Primary Appraisal and the Secondary
Appraisal. The Primary Appraisal is when a person looks for answers to the meaning
of their situation with regards to their well-being, for example; everyone deals with
stressful situations that arise in life in different ways. Sarah is...

Find Another Essay On Psychological Factors of Stress

Biological/psychological factors of crime Essay

1205 words - 5 pages . Crime therefore resulted not from what criminals had in common with others in society, but from their distinctive physical or mental defects. The positivists understood themselves as scientists and were concerned with scientifically identifying the causes of criminal behavior in individual offenders.Biological Factors in CrimeNot many want to believe there is any such thing as a "bad seed;" that heredity can make criminal behavior unavoidable and

Discuss the cause of binge drinking in America by using psychological theories and the impacts of stress in relation

5 words - 0 pages 第一幕(開門聲)唐太太:呀!你們…!唐英年:你…你為什麼會那麼早回來的?唐太太:你這女人快跟的滾!滾出去!走!(拍門聲

Life of Stress

1026 words - 5 pages , marriage , divorce , unexpected serious illness, death of a loved one, the second , is everyday stress, created by our daily hassle and routine responsibility. Effects of stress on health: Cardiovascular disease , and stroke . Secondary risk factors , diabetes , nevral aging , hair loss , decreased bone density. “Causes Of Stress”. Emotional health can affected by relationships , physical health and by stress . Stress can cause a lot of problems with

The Effects of Stress in the Workplace

934 words - 4 pages Today the world is at fast pace and people are having a lot of pressures and demands at workplace. A person who suffers from pressures or stresses in other words, their normal psychological and physiological well-being also gets affected. Stress is a body’s process of responding to a task [1]. Stress typically defines a negative condition or a positive condition that can have an influence on a person’s mental and physical well-being [1]. Stress

What is Stress

868 words - 3 pages Stress is the combination of psychological, physiological, and behavioral reactions. Most people have a response to events that challenge or threaten them. Stress good and bad. Good stress is called eustress. According to Hans Selye, a series of physiological reactions to stress occurring in three phases. Those phases are alarm, resistance, and exhaustion. This is also known as the general adaptation syndrome. General adaptation syndrome

Types of stress

1112 words - 5 pages categories which are organizational stress and individual stress (Meenakshisundaram, 2012). Organizational stress can be defined as “work-related social psychological stress” (Shirom, 1982, p. 21). The concept of organizational stress is an interaction between the employee and the work environment to which he or she is exposed (Shirom, 1982). Meenakshisundaram (2012) believes that the sources of organizational stress includes role in organization

Literature Review

1976 words - 8 pages caused by anxiety, lack of physical exercises, academic factors, food intake and psychological factors. 2.2.1.1 Anxiety and Lacking of Physical Exercises A survey revealed that one fifth of the students claim to suffer from anxiety attacks during examination season (Branagh, 2011). Exam Stress (n.d.) claimed that feeling anxious before big examinations is always part of student life but if the anxiety is too high, something must be done to prevent

Stress and Thriving regarding an article "Stress Related Growth and Thriving Through Coping: The Roles of Personality and Cognitive Processes

813 words - 3 pages The articles I chose are "Stress-Related Growth and Thriving Through Coping: The Roles of Personality and Cognitive Processes" and "Embodying Psychological Thriving: Physical Thriving in Response to Stress". I chose the topic of stress-related growth and thriving because I find stress to be a part of my normal every day routine. I was interested to read how society views stress factors and find ways to overcome their stress into a positive

Definition of stress

2494 words - 10 pages us physical, behavioural, and psychological problems. Then it becomes negative stress, distress. These factors affecting neuroendocrine and immune function; time and intensity exposure to stress are subject to the coping mechanisms that the individual uses to adjust (Maltalka, 2003). A few minutes of stress may improve immune performance but longer exposure to mental stress has detrimental effects that may lead to lowered immune reliability

stress managment

1167 words - 5 pages life event, the recent death of her mother. It was my client's response to the bereavement and her perceived ability to cope, which has been a critical factor in her experiencing stress. With regards to my client's current situation, stress has manifested itself in a variety of physical and psychological ways. The physical symptoms being headaches, backache and flu like symptoms. In terms of the psychological affects of stress, my client has been

Acute Stress vs. Chronic Stress

1749 words - 7 pages function so that you may fight your way out a situation and escape. Instead, now people deal with negative physical and psychological symptoms from excessive amounts of stress, and it increases as you experience social and psychological tumult throughout your life. Stress Role Today stress can still play an important positive function in our lives by being beneficial, but it will have negative effects on your mind and body. Some people

Similar Essays

The Role Of Psychological Factors In Causing Illness

1928 words - 8 pages WITH REFERENCE TO STRESS THEORY, DISCUSS THE ROLE OF PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS (E.G. FEAR, ANIXETY, AND DEPRESSION) IN CAUSING ILLNESS. ILLUSTRATE YOUR ARGUMENT WITH EXAMPLES AND LITERATURE SUPPORT.A. Introduction Stress causing illness, have you ever heard about it? If no, you do need to go into detail to this paper and you would know how the stress affects your body. In this paper, Hans Selye¡¦s theoretical propositions would be used

Give A Brief Account Of Psychological Methods Of Stress Management And Consider Their Strengths And Limitations

516 words - 2 pages Stress management involves finding ways to deal with the effects of stress, this can be done either psychologically or physiologically. It refers to a range of techniques to help reduce our stress levels. The psychological method involves stress inoculation and increasing hardiness, whereas the physiological includes biofeedback and therapeutic drugs. Therapeutic drugs are simply drugs which reduce the physical effects of stress, whit out

An Analysis Of The Economical, Sociological And Psychological Factors Causing Child Obesity In Industrialized Countries

1992 words - 8 pages as the study of behaviours and mental processes. Obesity has direct behavioural impacts on children. This social problem can have important consequences on children’s psychological development. The last discipline is economics. This social science is related to obesity in term of its’ cost to society. Obesity increases the risks of having health problems. The economy of North American countries or provinces can really suffer from obese child

Explain How Social And Psychological Factors Contribute To The Development Of An Eating Disorder Such As Anorexia Nervosa

1395 words - 6 pages psychologists have tried to determine the cause of anorexia nervosa with no definitive answers. However, predisposing, precipitating and perpetuating factors or stages have been identified as contributing to anorexia while these three factors can also be further divided into social and psychological factors which can contribute to the development of anorexia in each stage.Predisposing factors increase the likelihood of a person developing anorexia and at