Employability is an important concept within society, which has recently been given a greater focus in universities. Psychologists are interested in what attributes can predict employability. Emotional self-efficacy and career satisfaction have both been significantly related to self-perceived employability in previous research, and this study aimed to investigate whether these concepts could predict self-perceived employability. A multiple linear regression was used to identify whether emotional self-efficacy and career satisfaction were significant predictors in predicting self-perceived employability. Mature students (N=60) completed three questionnaires. Both emotional self-efficacy and career satisfaction were found to be significant predictors. These findings highlight the importance of emotional self-efficacy and career satisfaction in its role of employability, which needs a greater focus in education.
Employability is becoming an increasingly important concept within society and the university curriculum today. Defining employability is considered as difficult to define, however a general definition is that it is “having a set of skills, knowledge, understanding and personal attributes that make a person more likely to choose and secure occupations in which they can be satisfied and successful” (Dacre Pool and Sewell, 2007, p. 279). There has been particular emphasis on employability in universities. The government has proposed that employability must be given a more important role in university degrees; for example, they propose that all degrees should have at least mandatory work placements (Department for Business, Innovation & Skills, 2011).
As it has been difficult to define, it is also considered as difficult to measure. The most common technique is to use graduate employment rates. Whereas previous literature suggests that employability is more than just individuals acquiring jobs, therefore using employment rates is not representative (Harvey, 2005). Furthermore, Dacre Pool and Qualter (2013) argue that using employment rates is weak, as gender, age, the university attended and more can influence them. Therefore, the measure of self-perceived employability is a more acceptable measure (Rothwell, Jewell & Hardie, 2009).
Emotional intelligence has recently been found to be an important aspect of employability, as Mayer, Roberts and Barsade (2009) found that people with higher levels of emotional intelligence have better academic achievement and career outcomes. These results could be due to individuals possessing a high level of emotional self-efficacy. Emotional self-efficacy has been defined by Dacre Pool and Qualter (2012) as “beliefs in one's emotional functioning capabilities” (p. 308). Emotional self-efficacy has been found to have an association with employability (Dacre Pool & Qualter, 2013).
Career satisfaction has also been linked with influencing employability. This is related to the satisfaction of an...