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Psychological Testing Essay

953 words - 4 pages

Amber GuthrieUniversity of PhoenixApril 20, 2010Syard EvansPSY/475Psychological TestingThe psychological testing field is complex and confusing to some but very necessary in ones society. The most important thing to understand about psychological testing is that the principle of testing is the comprehension, function and analysis of tests. When the word test is brought up in a conversation, the primary thing that one thinks would be the education version definition of testing, which is "tool used to systematically obtain a sample of what a student knows or can do" (Madaus, Russell, and Higgins, 2009). However, there are many tools that one can use to find a mass of information. In psychological testing, there are four main ways to assess an individual and to name a few; neuropsychology testing, attainment, character, and mental ability. Psychologists study these types of tests when involved in how an evaluation can be utilized, trying to get information needed.Mental ability tests are used to measure ones cognitive ability and intellectual functioning (Hogan, 2002). Even though mental ability tests are mainly used to review stages of intellect, there is also mental ability tests that are not necessarily intelligence based. There are three types of mental ability tests that are used the most and they are group administered intelligence tests, individually administered intelligence tests, and other ability tests. A relevant example of an individually administered intelligence test would be the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale. An example of The Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale would be where a client meets with a qualified psychologist, who oversees a test that will help asses a persons mental capacity. The Otis-Lennon School Ability Test falls in the group administered intelligence category and these types of tests are taken within a group atmosphere. The OLSAT is given to a crowd of peers; the reason for a group setting is to monitor ones level of ability in different areas that entail mental ability. One of the more acknowledged non-intelligent based mental ability tests is known as the Scholastic Assessment Test. This test is administered to see if a student has the ability to be successful in an institute of higher learning.Achievement tests are another type of psychological testing; this test is utilized to measure ones understanding or ability in a particular area (Hogan, 2002). One type of achievement testing that is commonly administered is the standardized testing that is given to elementary students. Several careers, such as teaching or a surgeon make it a requirement to take an achievement test before given their certification. The Graduate Record Examination is given to analyze what level of knowledge the student is on in a certain subject, such as psychology or algebra. Many achievement tests are taken in group settings, however some that test for a possible learning disability are...

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