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Emotive Essay

1925 words - 8 pages

4. Emotions and Leadership

Over the years, researchers have realized that IQ is not the only important factor in a good leader. The needs to use emotions intelligently is essential for leaders especially when dealing with people (Goleman et al., 2002). Hence, emotional intelligent has been linked to leadership, in fact, leadership is among the most often concept connected with EI (e.g., Badea & Panӑ, 2010; Dulewicz & Higgs, 2010; Henry, 2011; Hong et al., 2011; Nadler, 2011). As seen in previous discussion, the early approach to leadership described leader’s behaviour to be a static set of attributes. Earlier leadership theorists believed that to be effective, leaders need to perform certain behaviours and do so in whatever the situation are (Arnold et al., 2005). However, in the real world, we need leaders that could adapt to various situations. This requires some flexibility from the leaders. Fiedler (1967) realized this shortcoming and proposed a contingency theory of leadership. His theory proposed that the success of a leader depends on the interaction between the condition of the situation and characteristics of the leader. He proposed that different situation demand different behaviours from the leaders. His theory, however, received many critics from other researchers who insist leadership requires some static attributes (Arnold et al., 2005). Much later on, Fiedler (1995) introduced a new cognitive-resources theory proposing that in difficult situations, leaders need to use their experience rather than their intelligence to handle the situation. He believed that problems could be solved better by using emotional capability, in which, leaders could use their experience as a guide to handle various situations that occurs in the workplace. Fiedler theory is in line with Vroom and Yetton (1973), that proposed a contingency theory on leader’s decision making. Vroom and Yetton contended that flexibility in making decision is essential in leadership. Then, in 1988, Vroom and Jago extended their theory and suggested that leaders should be able to adjust their approach based on the situation. They emphasize that the nature of a situation is determined by many factors, which include the pressure of time, clarity of the decision’s parameters and attitudes of the subordinates. Thus, all these factors should be considered in making the best decision and it requires some level of emotion-related judgment skills by the leaders. With the use of emotional intelligence, leaders would be able to provide better solutions according to the situations and solve problems wisely.
Many years later, the intelligent use of emotion is seen as a requirement in good leadership by researchers (e.g., Dulewicz & Higgs, 2010; Gooty, Connelly, Griffith, & Gupta, 2010; Hong et al., 2011; Hur et al., 2011; Nadler, 2011). Researchers began to focus on the links between EI and leadership. For instance, Goleman (2001) emphasized that the accomplishment of...

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