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Employee Motivation Essay

1386 words - 6 pages

The level of competition in the corporate world has prompted firms to embrace motivation strategies to encourage their employees with an aim of ensuring that quality services are offered to consumers. To attain this, firms have been prompted to initiate mechanisms that make their workplace desirable so that employees may be motivated to work efficiently and apply their skills optimally. Unlike past days when most firms regarded employees as just part of the inputs required in the production process of goods and services, it is now apparent that they are valued as the human capital without which an organization cannot attain its goals. There are a number of theories that have been used to explain the need for employee recognition and engagement, for instance: equity theory, two factor theory, expectancy valence theory and need hierarchy theory. Motivation of employees should be the primary focus for managers by offering: equity, support to employee aspirations and goals, good remuneration, and skill enhancement through continuous training.
The equity theory shows how employee performance is greatly influenced by the manner in which his peers are treated. For instance, firms that treat employees differently affect the motivation of employees by making it difficult for them to engage in teamwork or working effectively. This often happens in an environment where individuals holding certain positions are treated as more superior due to their closeness to managers in contrast to others occupying similar positions. This trend is detrimental. According to Kim (2006), the influences managers have in determining the behavior exhibited by their employees often define whether their firms are headed for failure or success. In most cases, motivations determines the attitude shown by employees towards their leaders, fellow team members as well as the tasks assigned to them by their seniors. As a result, managers need to treat all employees fairly since this boosts their motivation and desire to work towards the attainment of their firm’s goals and objectives.
As explained in the Two Factor Theory of motivation, factors such as the achievement of one’s goals, recognition by fellow workers and seniors as well as an equal provision for growth and development opportunities in the workplace encourage employees, thereby inspiring them to give their best. This implies that managers have to handle employee motivation and dissatisfaction separately to make sure that organizations reap the best from the input from their workforce members. Satisfaction is believed to occur whenever employees are provided with opportunities to enhance their careers and these include promotion and positive relationships with other workers. As Jehanzeb et al (2012) put it; satisfaction is mostly propelled by the values employees hold regarding their jobs or the expectations they have towards their participation in the workplace. Dissatisfaction often occurs whenever employees are either...

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