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Employee Motivation And Effective Job Performance

1342 words - 5 pages

“It seems that the ethos of “shared sacrifice” evoked by this past generation has gone by the wayside. In place of the Greatest Generation, we are now in the midst of what might be termed the “greediest generation,” whose hallmark include an insatiable appetite for the trappings of status and wealth” (Monheit, 2010, p.272). Studies show how effective upbringing can influence the independence of an individual and the roles these characteristics play throughout adulthood (Lekes, Gingras, Phillippe, Koestner & Fang, 2009). In addition to providing structure, consistent rewards and punishments must exist to reinforce that behavior. These traits learned throughout adolescence are detrimental for managers in determining employee motivation methods and effective job performance.
For thousands of years, humans have strived for independence. Moses’ people fleeing the Egyptians and Pilgrims escaping Europe’s religious persecution are examples of people seeking freedom from hostile conditions that dampened their free will. For these groups, independence was far from free, the journey was dangerous, but the reward was extraordinary. Their nobility and perseverance is what makes their actions so admirable and memorable hundreds and thousands of years later. Getting something for nothing has not always been the norm, but a learned trait conveyed for many generations. Parental involvement has been linked to a wide variety of outcomes including perceived competence and control according to a study performed by Farkas and Grolnick (2010, p.267). Parental supported child autonomy produce high levels of warmth and involvement along with providing structure, motivation, and persistence (Farkas and Grolnick, 2010, p.266). Structure enables children to sense how actions are directly related to outcomes, and when correctly implemented support children’s independence and are more likely to feel responsible for their own behavior (Farkas et al., 2010, p.267). “Adolescence is a critical developmental period because the life goals and behaviors that individuals adopt have long term consequences for their well-being” (Lekes, 2009, p.858) and heavily influence their ideology and interdependence. Requiring youth to adhere and behave within boundaries set by parents, sets precedence for adult behavior. The major factor in creating responsibility and structure is setting clear and concise rules, guidelines and expectations followed with constructive feedback (positive or negative) that “enhances perceptions of competence and control as opposed to feelings of helplessness” (Farkas et al., 2010, p.269)
Administering positive (or negative feedback) must follow many guidelines to ensure effectiveness. Firstly, administering rewards (or punishments) must be contingent upon a behavior and reinforced at the time of transmittal to ensure the individual understands the purpose of the reward in hopes for repeated behavior. The act of administering rewards also has a large effect on...

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