The United States Department of Labor identifies the current trends of employment that affect the nursing world. “Registered Nurses (RN) at this time represent the largest occupation in health care, with 2.5 million jobs” (Vallano, 2008, p.169). Vallano (2008) proceeds to summarize the employment trends in nursing by giving percentages of the present nursing rate in the hospital setting and the employment rate for the future of nursing. The percentage of nurses in the hospital setting is standing at 59 percent and the employment rate for nursing is expected to reach 23 percent from the year 2006 to the future year of 2016, this rate is said to be faster than the average for all occupations (Vallano, 2008, p.169).
With the positive statistics mentioned above, how is it that a steady rise of employment for nurses can last for decades and then suddenly decline for years? Researchers have discovered some of the factors that are found to be the cause for the trends of employment in nursing. These include: nursing shortages, wages, and location of employment, gender, marital status and differences between novice and expert nurses. These factors have been researched and explained on how they affect nursing employment and also helps give an idea of the future employment trends in the nursing world.
Discussion of Pertinent Professional Literature
It is important for new graduates, present nurses, foreign nurses, and nurses who may no longer work in a health care atmosphere to understand the current and future employment trends in nursing. In the book, Your Career in Nursing: Manage Your Future in the changing world of Healthcare, Vallano (2008) identifies six criteria that any of the nurses that were mentioned above should observe in order to have a lead in the nursing employment pool. These criteria include: Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN), professional certification at a generalist or specialist level, relevant and current continuing education, broad cross-training, superb self-care, and comfort with technology (Vallano, 2008, p.179).
For new graduates who are newly employed, Carney (2005) explains that “the responsibilities of communicating with a multidisciplinary group of healthcare providers and delegate colleagues in order to manage workload can be hard for a new graduate” (Carney, 2005). Carney’s statement correlates with Vallano’s (2008) statement in that it is important for new graduates to remember while searching for employment, “self-care should be taken seriously to ensure that the new graduate has the stamina and resilience needed to manage the demands of this profession (nursing) and to prevent burnout and compassion fatigue” (Vallano, 2008, p. 179). Spetz, Rickles, Chapman and Ong (2008) state, “the loss of nurses in healthcare, particularly in hospitals, is greatest in the first few years after graduation” (Spetz, Rickels, Chapman, & Ong, 2008). This loss could be caused when new graduate nurses experience reality shock...