This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Encephalitis: Causes, Progression And Treatment Of The Condition

1794 words - 7 pages

Introduction
Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain due to a viral infection (infectious) or when the immune system mistakenly begins to attack brain tissue (autoimmune encephalitis) (Clinic, 2011). Encephalitis is sometimes considered an “acute” condition as the term means it happens abruptly, develops rapidly and requires urgent care (Clinic, 2011). This infection is not very common as statistics show that encephalitis occurs in approximately 0.5 in every 1 000 000 individuals, most of them children, elderly people and individuals with weakened immune system (Gondim, 2013). However, the National Health Service (NHS) states that they suspect incidence is higher than official figures because many causes go unreported when the symptoms are mild (Landis, 2013).
Encephalitis causes flu-like symptoms like fever and severe headaches (Gondim, 2013). This causes many cases of encephalitis to go unnoticed. However, confusion, drowsiness, loss of consciousness, seizures or problems with movement or senses becomes more prominent after some time (Gondim, 2013). Severe cases of encephalitis are rare but can be life-threatening as comas become more likely to occur. Sometimes, meningitis is confused with encephalitis but they are quite different. Meningitis is the inflammation of the protective layer of the brain that shields it (Gondim, 2013). With that said, sometimes patients have meningoencephalitis which is having both meningitis and encephalitis.
Causes and Pathology

Encephalitis can develop due to infections by viruses, bacterium, parasites or fungi or when the immune system responds to a previous infection and mistakenly attacks brain tissue (Gondim, 2013). These two types of encephalitis are called Primary Encephalitis and Secondary Encephalitis (post-infectious).

Primary Encephalitis occurs when a virus, bacterium or fungus infects an area in the brain; high concentrations of the infection in one area or widespread (Gondim, 2013). Many of these viruses cause minor infections elsewhere in the body, such as upset stomachs, skin rashes and cold sores. These infections rarely affect the brain; however that is why encephalitis is often described as a rare complication of common infections. Some common infections include: Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV), Enteroviruses, Mosquito-borne or Tick-borne viruses, Rabies virus or childhood infections (Simon, 2012). Herpes Simplex Virus is divide into two types– type 1 (HSV-1) and type 2 (HSV-2). HSV-1 causes cold sores, fever blisters around the mouth while HSC-2 causes genital herpes. HSV-1 is quite rare and has the potential to cause significant brain damage or even death; however it is frequently found within the British Isles. Other herpes viruses like chickenpox or shingles could cause Primary Encephalitis. Enteroviruses include poliovirus and coxsackievirs which cause flu-like symptoms, abdominal pain and eye inflammations (Gondim, 2013). Mosquito-borne viruses can cause infections like West Nile, La...

Find Another Essay On Encephalitis: Causes, Progression and Treatment of the Condition

The causes, treatment and future prevention of schizophrenia

1331 words - 5 pages the particular characteristics and background of the patient, but with such little knowledge of this disorder, some cases go untreated and most schizophrenics experience relapse within two years of their being released from a treatment facility. (Davison, 288) Society must be better educated concerning the symptoms and causes of schizophrenia to ensure early detection of cases and to curb misunderstandings about this devastating disorder.The

Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention of Insomnia

2436 words - 10 pages Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention of Insomnia Insomnia means having trouble with the quality or quantity of sleep. It can be caused by difficulties in either falling asleep or staying asleep. Self-reported sleeping problems, hating the sleep quality and day time tiredness are the only defining characteristics of insomnia because it is such an individual experience. The concept of good sleep is different from person to person. While

Nuclear bombs and the progression of them

751 words - 3 pages Over the last decade there has been a traumatic increase in terrorism. As the amount of terrorist threats and attacks increase, so does the creation of new weapons. Nations are competing with each other to create more destructive weapons. These weapons of mass destruction are essential to modern way of life because they provide protection against terrorist nations, and security to the countries in turmoil.When the atomic bomb was created, people

The Progression of Genetic Engineering and Cloning

746 words - 3 pages Imagine having to explain to your child why they don’t look like you because of you’re selfishness. Imagine thinking your going to design your baby and turns out it has severe leukemia because scientists didn’t put together your baby right. Where Genetic Engineering and Cloning is headed this is possible. Not only is this effecting your child its affecting the whole world as well. Many people think they only do this in humans it happens in

Migraine Causes and Treatment

2099 words - 9 pages doctors cannot pinpoint the cause of migraines in any particular individual because of chemical differences in all of us, but they have come up with certain facts that have helped some. This paper demonstrates a brief history of migraines, the symptoms of this disorder, what happens in the central nervous system, treatment for this disorder and finally a summation. History The American Heritage® Stedman’s Medical Dictionary defines migraine as

Narcolepsy: Causes and Treatment

1217 words - 5 pages Abnormal Psychology Narcolepsy Narcolepsy is a neurological disorder that affects the control of sleep and wakefulness. This disorder causes a number of symptoms that will be discussed further in depth later on but they are, excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), cataplexy, hallucinations, and sleep paralysis. Scientists and researchers believe that the cause of narcolepsy is a genetic mutation. This disorder can cause severe disruption to a

HIV and the Condition of AIDS

1559 words - 6 pages Introduction HIV has been a major global issue for over 100 years. It is estimated that 1.6 million people died as a result of this virus in 2012 (“Fact sheet”, 2012). Due to statistics such as the one I just cited, I decided to write this review essay on HIV and the condition of AIDS. As an up and coming scientist, I feel it is imperative that we strive to grow in our understanding of diseases, such as AIDS, so that we can do our part in

Causes, Prevention, and Treatment Methods of Cervical Cancer

2168 words - 9 pages The purpose of this research paper is to examine the details of cervical cancer pertaining to the most prevalent types of cervical cancer, the progression of the disease, and treatment methods proven most effective through research studies. Cervical cancer is the mutation of a female’s cervical cells and is separated into four stages of progression (stages I through IV). The contraction of cervical cancer has been attributed to prior contraction

The condition of postmodernity

3483 words - 14 pages Book Review: The Condition of Postmodernity, David Harvey is well-known in social theory circles for books like Social Justice and the City (1973), The Limits to Capital (1982), The Urbanization of Capital (1985), and Consciousness and The Urban Experience (1985) -- all seminal attempts to chart the relatively new and unexplored interface between political economy and urban geography. The Condition of Postmodernity is a significant new work by

The History and Progression of the Foster Care System

2982 words - 12 pages because they find the experience to be frustrating and overwhelming (Reardon and Noblet, 2009). This causes an upset in the system because there is a high need for the placement of children who tend to stay in the care of child welfare and are unlikely to be adopted or return home. There have been studies that show that African American children tend to stay in the child welfare system for longer periods of time (Reardon and Noblet, 2009). On

Symptoms and Progression of Progeria

828 words - 4 pages to the production of progerin, a protein that causes the nucleus to be unstable. With this instability comes “the process of premature aging and disease in Progeria.(1)” The accumulation of the protein Progerin also affects telomeres, proteins that contribute to the aging process of cells and leads to telomere disfunction. While HGPS is usually not hereditary, “Children with other types of ‘progeroid’ syndromes...may have diseases that are

Similar Essays

The Causes Of Malaria And Treatment Options

1818 words - 7 pages mosquito bites you and it’s already previously bitten a person that’s infected with Malaria, you could definitely get it. However you might ask, what causes Malaria? (Malaria, 1120-1123, Encyclopedia Of Family Health) Well what causes Malaria is that there’s this group of parasites called plasmodia. For plasmodia to survive, it must depend on the organism since they need to feed on the organism to stay alive. However there’s not just one species of it

Pathophysiology Of Meningitis And Encephalitis Essay

1572 words - 6 pages response to infection, ultimately causes all of the symptoms and complications of meningitis and encephalitis. The pathophysiology of meningitis and encephalitis aids in the explanation and understanding of the symptoms, effects, and underlying agendas of the two infections. Meningitis is the inflammation of the meninges, membranes that encase the brain and spinal cord. Although meningitis can result from protozoal or fungal infections, bacteria and

Causes And Treatment Of Acne Essay

1410 words - 6 pages Swiss cheese (McCue; Briggs8).Common Myths about Acne1.Acne is caused by dirt - Dirt is not one of the various causes of acne.2.Acne is for teenagers and you will grow out of it - Acne can strike at any age.3.Certain foods cause acne - No evidence to support a connection between diet and acne.4.Acne is curable - It is treatable but not curable.5.Acne is only a cosmetic condition - It does not pose a serious threat to your physical health but can

Causes And Treatment Of Phenylketonuria Essay

1585 words - 6 pages ). Keith F. Widaman in his article “Phenylketonuria in Children and Mothers” also points that untreated PKU in childhood and in new born babies can cause extreme and “permanent brain damage” and that it has not been discovered the cause that high level of phenylalanine has on the brain; “the exact nature of the biological impact on neuronal function is not yet understood” (Widaman, 48). Even though it is important to start the treatment early in