Encheiridion Or The Handbook Essay

1241 words - 5 pages

Encheiridion or The Handbook

Epictetus (A.D.c.55-c.135) was a Stoic, that is he was a representative of Stoicism. Stoicism was a philosophical movement that was popular in the ancient world, from when it was founded by Zeno of Citium, until the death of the Roman emperor and philosopher Marcus Aurelius. Stoicism came from the Greek word “Stoa Poikile” which means “painted porch”. Epictetus was a freed slave who studied Stoic philosophy and later taught it in Rome and then in Greece. The Encheiridion or The Handbook embodies the core ideas of Stoicism.

Epictetus like other Stoics believed that the world is like an organism where all the parts work for the good of the whole and everything that happens in the world is governed by divine reason i.e., logos and is therefore always good. But often humans are not able to see this goodness (in all that happens in the world) because of their limited vision. According to Stoics (hence also Epictetus) virtue is the only thing in life that is the most valuable. And this virtue is defined as action in accordance with reason. And hence, all other things that are valued by people, such as health, wealth, pleasure or fame, are either instruments to attaining the supreme good or are worthless, it is better for humans not to desire such things.

But, while Stoics believed in the natural order and design of things, Epictetus tried to reconcile “the design of nature” and “our own freedom”. Thus we as humans, do have some choices that we can make in our lives and we are not entirely governed by “the design of nature”.
Emotions were regarded as harmful because they keep us from living according to reason. Epictetus preaches that we should try and get a dispassionate understanding of what is truly within our power such as, our beliefs, attitudes and inclinations and, what is not in our power, such as worldly success, health, etc., and he wants us to accept the things we cannot control, while changing what we can. For example in section 1, he says (GL53) “ Some things ………… to us”. Once we are freed from counter productive desires and emotions, Stoics believe, we can live in accord with the underlying order and reason of nature. And Epictetus and Stoics believe that such a life is characterized by equanimity and inner peace.
The Stoics believed in a sort of divine providence; a natural order. Stoics were also materialists. They believed that all things in the universe was composed of atoms and that these atoms took different forms to form different things, such as people, rocks, stones etc. And these atoms get arranged because of an ultimate natural order. Their problem was to reconcile this natural order with what was people’s freedom to do things. Therefore they propounded that, we as humans must make use of our faculty of judgment. They said that if we use it properly, then we would be closest to the natural order. Unlike Aristotle, Epictetus holds that to reach great goals, one...

Find Another Essay On Encheiridion or The Handbook

God of Jews, Christians, and Muslims Vs Epictetus’ God

1774 words - 7 pages God of Jews, Christians, and Muslims Vs Epictetus’ God: One or Two Different Deities? When looking at Epictetus’ work through the Handbook (The Encheiridon) and The Discourses of Epictetus, we find that there can be many interpretations that can be made on Epictetus’ god. One can interpret through these text above that Epictetus’ god is all-powerful, all-good being, answer the prayers of the pious, and watches over people therefore showing

Employee Handbook/Privacy Assignment

1519 words - 6 pages PAGE PAGE 2 Employee Handbook DOCVARIABLE SH5SectionTitleDOCVARIABLE SH5SectionTitleEmployee Handbook/Privacy AssignmentMGT 434 Business LawSeptember 11, 2006DOCVARIABLE SH5SectionTitleEmployee handbooks are used to familiarize employees with company policies and procedures. Documented employee acknowledgement of receipt and understanding will strengthen the company's position by confirming employees were informed concerning policies and

Critical Thinking and Ethics Essay

624 words - 2 pages are usually detailed in employee handbooks. The company Code of Conduct is usually included in the handbook. Companies might also have a separate Code of Ethics that is tailored to their profession. While the topics are generally the same, the description of expected behavior is tailored to the specific industry. Thus, a handbook for a business might be slightly different than a handbook for a hospital or government agency because the situations

Preventing Discrimination Simulation

963 words - 4 pages all new hires a drug test as included in the simulation and include random drug screening into their employee handbook. This will give the employees an idea of being tested at any time and does not give them the right to file for discrimination if they are fired in case of positive results. If an employee is found to be addicted, does not accept any help, or problem continues after the offered help, then the employer should write up and finally

Student Expectations and Values

665 words - 3 pages , cheating, or fabrications are not accepted by the university. "Plagiarism - representing the words or ideas of another as one's own in an academic exercise" (University of Phoenix, 2007, MIS Program Handbook). Using an author's thoughts or ideas without giving credit could be considered a criminal act and is punishable by the university. Students should never assist another in the falsification of any individual or group assignments. A student's

The Ones You Love

1114 words - 4 pages DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION PRAXIS CENTER MEETING MEETING NOTES January 14, 2002 2:00 pm Grant Activity · In order to maintain Praxis center during summer months the Praxis Center faculty and staff must supplement federal funds for grants.· Praxis Center faculty & staff: Please search for grants in order to maintain summer employment or hold workshops during summer months.· Look at where to find grant opportunities online

Dental Team

1429 words - 6 pages Assistant, CDA exam from the Dental Assisting National Board, DANB. To take the exam, dental assistants must have graduated from an accredited program or graduated high school. According to occupational outlook handbook, “The Commission on Dental Accreditation, CODA, part of the American Dental Association, approved more than 285 dental-assisting training programs in 2011” (Dental Assistants). Dental hygienists offer a bachelor and master degrees in

Dof VA

953 words - 4 pages will affect all operators of cyber systems including the Department of Veteran’s Affairs (VA) 22 million veterans, their family members, and employees. The whole VA organization has to be aware of the new requirements that will be implemented. We will examine the impact of the May 2011 cybersecurity legislative proposal to our current information security programs; VA Handbook 6500 Risk Management Framework for VA Information Systems – Tier 3

Childhood, Politics, and Satire in The Child in Time

1293 words - 5 pages significant event - she does not succumb to a disease nor is she struck my an unfortunate accident - instead, during what would be a completely standard and banal trip to the supermarket she is abducted. There is not really a feeling that she has been lost for a reason; she disappears without notice or any provocation. Kate achieves this dream - the desire to be a child always, and it is as she, where others had not been so fortunate, had managed

Nursing: Providing The Best Possible Care For Patients

1605 words - 6 pages growth is attained and maintained (“Nursing Handbook,” 2013, p. 6). I believe that environment is an entire situation, incident, or involvement that provides humans with a meaning to express and interpret. I believe that an environment involves social interactions in physical, ecological, sociopolitical, and cultural situations. Environment is not only the setting in which patients are exposed but it is also the place in which they grow and develop

A Career as a Zoologist

1792 words - 7 pages (“Occupational Outlook Handbook: Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists”). Not only do zoologists need the skills to perform tasks in a lab or during fieldwork, but they also need the skills that are used in an office. For example, in order for a zoologist to be able to determine the geographic area a specific species lives in, they must be able to use computer programs and software that enable an aerial picture of the terrain (“Occupational Outlook Handbook

Similar Essays

The Stoic Tradition Essay

1262 words - 5 pages stoa, or porch. The ideology of that movement is henceforth known as Stoicism. Also, the Stoics have come to use the statement made by Socrates as the cornerstone of their judgments, being that "no harm can come to a good man." However, this concept is taken a bit further by the Stoics, as they deduce it to symbolize the eventually complete rejection of worldly things. These things they also deem "things which cannot be controlled." The

No Harm Can Come To A Good Man

1184 words - 5 pages No Harm Can Come to a Good Man Whether Socrates is portrayed correctly or not, he certainly was a great man. His contribution to western thought cannot be denied. For even if his teachings were different from what they are known to be at present, his influence on Plato is immense. And so, it is no small matter to describe the tragic passing of such a man as Socrates was and remains for philosophy today. Yet in all the indignation which

Overview Of Biomedical Engineering As A Career Path

1913 words - 8 pages products and processes that improve our lives. They also develop new drugs and medications, such as those used to treat cancer or Alzheimer’s disease.” (Occupation Outlook Handbook). According to the Occupation Outlook Handbook another related career is physicians and surgeons. “Physicians and surgeons diagnose and treat injuries or illnesses. Physicians examine patients; take medical histories; prescribe medications; and order, perform, and interpret

Human Resources Management Essay

580 words - 2 pages managed to help achieve specific objectives. Employee relations activities affect efficiency, in that potential reasons for performance problems are confronted and help is offered to remove them. When the problem is an individual employee's behavior, employee assistance and conflict resolution system seek constructive solutions. If the problem is the organization's behavior, employee management committees or other two - way communication forums can