Enclosure In Literature (Metaphoric And Literal)

900 words - 4 pages

The physical words and underlying meanings of "enclosures" and "enclosed spaces" can mean much more than their actual meaning when reading works of literature. The realistic authors, Flaubert, Tolstoy, and Ibsen all present the idea of "enclosures" and "enclosed spaces" literally and metaphorically in their writings, Madame Bovary, The Death of Ivan Ilych, and Hedda Gabler. They do this through situations, they display it within their characters, and also through using the literal meaning of the phrases.In Madame Bovary, Emma lived a life of enclosure and control. She always felt and seemed trapped within her life. Emma's life was very routine and that in itself leaves one to feel enclosed. Flaubert gives us an example of this when he states, "she always accompanied him to the foot of the steps outside the door. If his horse hadn't been brought around she would wait there with him. At such moments they had already said good-bye, and stood there in silence." (pg. 1098). This is an example presented to us that lets us see into her life and how it is more like a job to her. Her life was surrounded by lies and she felt so enclosed by them she could not separate them from reality. Through all the lies that are being told throughout the story, it makes it impossible for them to seem and feel more like reality, rather than merely lies. Flaubert describes, "That by lying the lovers make it impossible for words ever to touch at the truth in things." Flaubert, as a realistic writer, believes romance and love are more accurately displayed through realism. He uses ironic romantic descriptions to establish a connection between his characters. Flaubert focused a great deal of this work on women and their lack of power during that day and age. An example of this is how Emma prayed that her child would be a boy because she knows the pain, sorrows and feelings of entrapment that come with being a woman during this time. Men had a certain power over women that allowed them to control women. This was a power that most women did not even possess themselves, the power to make a difference in their life. Flaubert mostly describes this power to the reader through displaying it in the relationships Emma had with the men in her life. All the women in this novel and the women that lived in this time felt trapped and limited to these "enclosed spaces" in which then could live their life. They did not feel they had the power or ability to step outside of those limits put there by men and society.In Hedda Gabler, the entire play is...

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