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Encomienda Vs Feudal Japan Essay

619 words - 3 pages

Because they were on the completely opposite sides of the globe, the Spanish Encomienda system and the Japanese Feudalist system were remarkably different. Two differences were that the Japanese Feudalist system had one person at the top, in sharp contrast with the Spanish Encomienda which had a group of people at the top and another was that the Spanish Encomienda system divided its society by ethnicity, not simply by power as did the Japanese. One parallel between the two hierarchies was that foreigners were placed at the bottom of the hierarchy in both Japanese and Spanish societies. Because the Japanese and Spanish societies had almost no contact with one another due to the geographical distance between the two, they are for the most part, completely different apart from a few nuances.
One of the differences that stands out the most between these two systems is the method of division. Japanese feudalism is divided based on power whereas the Encomienda system is divided based on race. For example, the reason the Japanese shoguns were above the peasants and the craftsmen because they wielded more power and had more responsibility given to them by the Japanese emperor. However, in the Encomienda system, the peninsulares or those born in the Iberian peninsula were above the mulattoes, the mestizos, and the creoles simply because they were from the mother-land, Spain. The peninsulares and the creoles, or descendants of the Spanish, were the owners of the money generators such as sugar mills in the Hispaniola and the silver mines located in the Petosi Mountains in modern day Peru. The labor was provided by the lower two ethnicities known as the mestizos and the mulattos. Mestizos were of mixed heritage between Spanish and the Native American and the mulattos were a combination of African and Native American. This was done with the...

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