End Of Reconstruction In 1877 Essay

699 words - 3 pages

In 1865 the beginning of the end of the Civil War was in effect called “Reconstruction”. The purpose of Reconstruction was to make the United States a unified nation once again. Reconstruction was a success in the sense of the southern states ratified the constitution and chose not to secede. The southern states also agreed to pledge loyalty to the union and ratify the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth amendments. On the other hand, with the election of Rutherford B. Hayes in 1876, by pulling the troops out of the South white slave owners regained power and the south slowly went back to the ways of the “old south”. The end of Reconstruction was influenced by specific causes such as: the northerners exhaustion with fighting the south and trying to punish the Klu Klux Klan, Radical Republicans being struck down by the Supreme Court, and white unionists, carpetbaggers, and scalawags being pushed out of the South by the Klu Klux Klan (Reconstruction (1865-1877)).
During the Depression of 1873 the Northern interest in the South’s slavery issue slowly diminished. Northerners were more interested in financial stability than punishing the Klu Klux Klan for their wrongdoings or helping manumitted slaves in the South. In 1874, Democrats took over the House of Representatives and turned their focus away from the problems of the South and onto the Depression of 1873 that was affecting the North. In the beginning of Reconstruction the North believed they were doing a good deed but, they were also aware there was a chance the South couldn’t be changed. After the financial depression in 1873 the North decided that they no longer had interest or wanted to take part in Reconstruction.
Also, a series of laws passed by the Supreme Court struck down radical republicans and put the democrats of the south at an advantage. The Slaughterhouse Cases were a group of acts passed against New Orleans that were brought before the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court ruled that the Fourteenth Amendment protected U.S. citizens from rights violations on a federal level only, not a state. In United States v. Cruikshank, the Supreme Court ruled that only...

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