NASA’s Shuttle Program also known as the Space Transportation System, was the first winged manned spacecraft operation to have achieved orbit and land, also the first to use reusable spacecrafts and make multiple flights into various orbits. Although the shuttle program took America to a heighten achievement of orbital transportation, recent closure of the program has baffled many Americans and left questions about the future of the American space missions. The closure of the program by the Obama administration is a short-term allocation of government funds that should be better understood as a strategic move to improve the future stability of the American economy. The budget cuts are part of having a balanced budget that will recuperate the current economic situation in America, the cuts can also be depicted as position the government has led programs to newly reorganize their agendas and better manage the establishments. NASA stands proud of the staple 30 years the Shuttle Program made in achievements, goals, and innovation into prosperous future of Space travel; it is also compromised to keep succeeding the agenda with current missions.
NASA’s Space Shuttle Program or Space Transportation System (STS) was developed by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration a federal executive branch. NASA coordinated and managed the STS program and also oversaw all space flight requirements for both civilian and commercial uses. Its missions involved carrying large payloads to various orbits, provided crew rotation for the International Space Station, and performed service missions, like the updating of all technical hardware and software.
The program started in the late 1960s, when NASA began the early Shuttle program studies. By 1969 President Nixon and NASA presented a goal to the Congress for the creation of a program that would provide a less-expensive means of space travel that could be used by NASA, The Department of Defense, the scientific community and other commercial uses. The Shuttle program was formally launched on January 5th, 1972 but the first flight took place on April 12, 1981, with the Columbia Shuttle and the STS-1 (mission 1), the first shuttle orbital flight. The space shuttle program finished with its last mission, STS-135 and Atlantis, which came to a conclusion on July 21, 2011, with the final shuttle landing and setting an end to the program.
The overall cost of spaceflight has always been an overlooked topic since before the STS program with the program that launched the first man to the moon, The Apollo Mission Program (1961-1975). The Apollo program was designed to be a tool in the cold war, it was the race to space between the United Sates of America and the U.S.S.R. The program’s funding was very high but it ultimately achieved the goal of a manned lunar expedition. The overall cost of the Apollo missions was about $170 Billion American dollars (based on 2005 currency), there were 17 total mission, making each...