Animal extinction is an issue that is occurring all over the globe. It is also something that has occurred since the beginning of time. However, it used to be natural process that would take a long time, now with human involvement the extinction of certain species is accelerating. Most species become extinct because of habitat destruction, introduction of non-native organisms, and direct killing. The marine species are no exception to the human acceleration in extinction either by the general benefit received by them, but only those classified as more valuable that other species get a voice to classify them as endangered while the other are extinct.
The extinction marine life has come to great value to some scientist and few people within the last few years, since the world is covered in just about 75% of water, all marine species are difficult to perceive. In the NOAA (National Oceanic And Atmospheric Administration) website is states that “approximately 2,100 species of marine life”, that they know of are listed as endangered. They also have stated that with in the last “40 years (1972) 11 species have become extinct, of which 2 were marine life specimen.” Within that time period generations to come will never see those species.
Until recently, humankind seemed to view the ocean as a source of infinite resources. Its vast size and depth and unexplored frontiers made the ocean appear invulnerable to overexploitation, however in recent years a lot of research has gone into the combined effects of pollution, acidification, ocean warming, over-fishing and depleting levels of oxygen in the water, and just as the world above the ocean is having major problems with similar issues, so is the world of the underworld. As the rate of population increases, and the demand for oil continues the over-kill, oil spills, oil platform pollution, and fertile pollution will continue that will cause like “previous major extinctions of species in Earth's history. Facing the lose of marine species and entire marine ecosystems, such as coral reefs, within a single generation” (Shaikh)
The U.S federal government has taken an Act on the endangered species issue passed in 1973 it recognized that our rich natural heritage is of “esthetic, ecological, educational, recreational, and scientific...