Endangered Species Legislation Essay

2375 words - 10 pages

The latter half of the twentieth century was host to the greatest and most widespread advancements in environmental awareness in human history. It was during this time that people began to consider the effects of their polluting cars and their wasteful habits. People began to realize that something must be done to curb humans’ negative impacts on their surroundings and thus the environmental movement was born. One of the most important factors that resulted from this expansion of environmental consciousness occurring over the last several decades has been the protection of endangered species. Much has been done in the legal world to ensure the continued longevity of our planet’s diversity, including two major policies: CITES and the Endangered Species Act. Each of these policies has approached the welfare of endangered species in a different way, with varying degrees of success. Each strategy will be summarized and analyzed, beginning with the CITES treaty, as it was enacted before the Endangered Species Act. However, before examining the function and effectiveness of each strategy, it is important to understand the history behind each one of them.
In 1966, Congress passed the Endangered Species Preservation Act, a piece of legislation designed to provide limited protection to a list of native animal species. The Departments of Interior, Agriculture, and Defense were responsible for the protection of these species and the preservation of their habitats. It also allotted land to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to help maintain these natural habitats. In 1969, the Act was amended because further protection was necessary. With the threat of worldwide extinction, the amendment called for an international meeting and changed the name to the Endangered Species Conservation Act .
Several years later, in 1973, the United States and twenty-three other nations took the Endangered Species Conservation Act a step further when they signed an international treaty called CITES, or the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Flora and Fauna, the first of the two major policies to be discussed here. CITES monitors, and often restricts international commerce in an effort to protect species impacted by trade. Talks of creating such a convention began in the 60s, when several African countries noticed population declines in species that are commonly killed for their skins; jaguar skins at that time were being imported to the US at rates of up to 13,000 skins per year. 1974 saw the drafting and signing of the actual treaty at a conference in Stockholm, Sweden, and by 1975, the requisite ten countries had ratified it and the treaty went into effect. Being international in scope, this treaty was widely celebrated as a huge advancement in endangered species legislation. To this day, it is still considered one of the most important international endangered species treaties in existence . Also in 1973, Congress passed the...

Find Another Essay On Endangered Species Legislation

The Government and Environmental Policy Essay

1677 words - 7 pages often retards these acts' effectiveness. This paper will explorethe many ways in which factors such as horizontal implementation, divided government, and other forms of publicpolicy affect the environmental legislation involved with the aforementioned acts.The main factors involved with the Endangered Species Act of 1973 involve horizontal implementation structure anddivided government. Before one can discuss how these policies affect

Polar Bear: Threatened or Not? Essay

1566 words - 6 pages Administration, which has played a major role in the conservation of the polar bear species, one of the mammals most adversely affected by the recent climate changes. As more research has been conducted regarding the polar bears, scientific name Ursus Maritimus, the conclusions have been shocking. In 2008, the Department to the Interior listed the polar bear species as “threatened” under the Endangered Species Act of 1973 awarding it some protections

Acronym Scavenger Hunt

895 words - 4 pages cooperatively with the local governments to protect the water quality in Illinois. (Illinois EPA) The Endangered Species Act (ESA), 16 U.S.C. §1531 et seq. of 1973 protects threatened and endangered plants and animals and their habitats. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) and the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Fisheries Service are the leading federal agencies of the ESA. The FWS maintains a worldwide listing of

Land & Water Management Issues in Kosciuszko National Park

806 words - 3 pages Kosciuszko National Park covers over 680 000 hectares and various land and water issues must therefore be addressed and successfully managed. These issues include fire management, conflicting land use between tourism and conservation, between Europeans and Aborigines, and the Snowy Hydro Scheme and tourism, the threat to endangered species and the effect of introduced species.There are two main endangered species in KNP, the corroboree frog and

"Overfishing of the Ocean" The essay is on sharkfinning and the effects it has on the ocean. It also gives information about overfishing and the depletion of certain species.

1500 words - 6 pages population is so important to ecosystem is because they balance out most of it.ProblemThe overfishing of sharks has placed nine different species of sharks on the endangered list in 2008. In total over 30 species of sharks have been put on the endangered list, an the reason why the shark population is in danger is because sharks take a long time to mature, which in turn means there are no adults to produce offspring and help the shark population. Baum

The American Crocodile

2442 words - 10 pages The American Crocodile (Crocodylus acutus)      Crocodylus acutus, or more commonly referred to as the American crocodile, is the second most widely distributed of the New World crocodiles, ranging from the southern tip of Florida, both the Atlantic and Pacific Coasts of Southern Mexico, as well as the Caribbean islands of Cuba, Jamaica, and Hispaniola¡¨ (1 Species). These areas provide the perfect climate for these endangered species that

The Prevention of a New Earth Day

1687 words - 7 pages federal government strive to preserve our environment and the species that inhabit them. However, the success of these policies is limited. For example, the Endangered Species Act passed by Congress in 1973 is arguably a complete failure. Since its initiation, the “law has recovered 12 of 1300 listed species, for a cumulative success rate of .01% (or a 99.99% rate of failure)” (Bean, 1). In addition, the Endangered Species Act fails to establish

Combating Poaching in Africa and Asia

1290 words - 5 pages According to the Department of Environmental Affairs Republic of South Africa (2013), in 2012 668 rhinos were illegal poached in South Africa. In just the first 10 months of 2013, that number has reached 790 (para. 13). Poaching is on the rise especially for iconic species such as elephants and rhinos. These endangered species are being poached not for their meat but for their tusks and horns to sell on the black market at an excessive value

Nature Canada

1037 words - 4 pages extinct, to provide for the recovery of endangered or threatened species, and encourage the management of other species to prevent them from becoming at risk. SARA is a result of the implementation of the Canadian Biodiversity Strategy, which is in response to the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity. The Act provides federal legislation to prevent wildlife species from becoming extinct and to provide for their recovery. On site

Major Environmental Issues Facing Zimbabwe

1739 words - 7 pages endangered, as well as 73 types of plants. Zimbabwe has about half of the world's population of black rhinoceroses, an endangered species. Rare or threatened species include the cape vulture, black-cheeked lovebird, and brown hyena. For protection, the government has adopted a policy of shooting poachers on sight. Africa's freshwater supply is almost stretched to its limit. Less than 10% of Africa’s rainfall is available as surface water, one of the

Urbanization & Habitat Loss in the Fraser Valley as a Threat to Biodiversity

2427 words - 10 pages order to effectively preserve this unique biodiversity. Current legislation for species-at-risk has found to be lacking and does little to secure the future of those threatened or to recover those already endangered (Wood, p. 396). Parkland that has been set aside for this purpose has proven to be insufficient. These areas are continually in conflict with the ulterior motive of human recreation and this is not always conducive to species protection

Similar Essays

Environmental Essay

2312 words - 9 pages possible if the act was revamped, and specifically indicated the risks of inaction. Furthermore the coalition argued that without a change in legislation environmental organizations would invoke the federal species at risk “failsafe” which would highlight failures of the current legislation and have possibility for federal intervention, which would not be good for the provincial government status. (Endangered Species) Accordingly the act was changed

Endangered Species Act Of 1973 Essay

2065 words - 8 pages (ESPA), was passed in 1966. The ESPA is considered to be the first “comprehensive endangered species legislation” (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 2013c). The ESPA allowed limited protection of species and permitted species to be listed as endangered at the discretion of the Departments of the Interior, Defense, and Agriculture. It also authorized these departments to obtain land that was suitable habitat for listed species. In 1969, this act was

Ways To Help Endangered Species Essay

2214 words - 9 pages of global warming. Changes in temp due to global warming directly affect plants and animals though threats of disease, wildfires and the loss of habitat. You can also join and support conservation efforts such as those advocated by the world wildlife fund. Lobby your congressmen to vote for all legislation that pertains to the protection of endangered species. Volunteer at one of numerous organizations dedicated to protecting endangered species

America's Endangered Species Act Essay

2706 words - 11 pages America's Endangered Species Act Save the Bald Eagles! Save the whales! Save the Mountain Lions! Such were the environmentalists rallying cries that brought about the Endangered Species Act of 1973. Although, the first official endangered species legislation was a 1966 bill that called for saving U.S. wildlife, but lacked the powers to do so. The Endangered Species Act(ESA) of 1973 set forth the basic rules that apply in the U.S. today. Two