Which theoretical perspectives are represented by the author’s treatment of the topic?
“Global poverty is the scourge and disgrace of our affluent era” (Smith 13). Eradicating extreme poverty has always been one of the greatest challenges in the world. In fact, today poverty has become a major concern for several nations. According to Stephen C. Smith, the author of book Ending Global Poverty: A Guide to What Works, ending poverty would require eight crucial keys to escape poverty traps; to provide health and nutrition for adults to work and children to grow to their potential, provide basic education to build the foundations for self-reliance, to provide credit and basic insurance for working capital and defense against risk, to allow access to functioning markets for income and opportunities to acquire assets, to allow access to new technologies for higher productivity, to provide a stable environment to ensure sustainable development, to provide personal empowerment to gain freedom from exploitation and to empower all communities to ensure effective participation in the wider world. Thus, the purpose of this paper is to examine the term, concept, and the theoretical perspectives about poverty that are represented by Stephen C. Smith as well as presenting aspects of the issue that I wish Smith had addressed, an emphasis of questions that the author leaves unanswered will be presented, and finally an exhortation on how believers should think about the issue and how believers should respond to the issue viewed in a cognitive, affective and behavioral perception.
To begin, Stephen Smith came up with the book Ending Global Poverty as a result of a simple question from his wife that was based on how they wanted to see their money being distributed between different charities that aim to reduce poverty. As a result, Smith wrote the book Ending Global Poverty where he now offers an exploration of different traps as lack of education, lack of access to health care, illiteracy and poor nutrition that keep people trapped in poverty. Smith also provides a great explanation of the different effective strategies that programs and organizations use to end poverty by incorporating elements of both the functionalism and the conflict perspective.
First of all, the author’s explanation of poverty through the functionalist perspective maintains the following “The health, psychological, social and political power dimensions of poverty must be taken into account when designing programs to meet basic needs” (Smith 29). What the author is emphasizing here is that development can only occur through reducing inequality and providing more opportunities because the constant structural changes from social institutions lead to economic depravation and as a result create conflict. Great deprivations of health, nutrition and education are the primary causes of social dysfunction. In chapter two, Smith provides a further explanation of poverty through the...