The survey found that the most commonly consumed energy drink brands were; Rockstr Energy Drink, Monster Energy, Red Bull Energy Drink, Redline Extreme Energy, and Amp Energy Boost Original Sugar Free. These energy drinks all have similar ingredients with varying amounts of caffeine and “blend” combinations.
Caffeine is a psychoactive drug and potentially deadly in large amounts, especially for adolescents (Hershorin, Lipschulz, Schaechter & Seifert, 2011). Caffeine is one the most common energy drink ingredients and one of the most widely consumed substances in the world. According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), caffeine is a chemical stimulant compound found in various plants that acts as a central nervous system stimulant. Caffeine is produced naturally and artificially. Caffeine is found mainly in coffee, tea, soda, chocolate, energy drinks and some over-the-counter medications. Due to the increasing demands placed on teenagers today, caffeine is becoming more prevalent in adolescents. While the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends children have no more than 100 mg of caffeine a day due to unknown medical conditions, the fact a teenager’s brain is still in a developmental stage, and the importance sleep plays in the developing brain. Table 1, shows the amount of caffeine for the energy drinks in this report. (Note-this does not include the caffeine from blend ingredients)
Side effects from caffeine include restlessness, increase heartbeat, and insomnia. High doses like those found in energy drinks can include: Increased blood pressure, heart palpitations, gastrointestinal disturbance, increased urination, dehydration, dizziness, irritability, nausea, nervousness, jitters, breast shrinkage in females, and painful withdrawal symptoms including headache and severe fatigue. More severe effects include: Allergic reaction, rash, hives, itching, difficulty breathing, and tightness in the chest, swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue, diarrhea, shakiness, trouble sleeping, and vomiting.
Rockstr Energy Drink 16 fl. oz. 240 mg
Monster Energy 16 fl. oz. 160 mg
Red Bull Energy Drink, 8.4 fl. oz. 80 mg
Redline Extreme Energy 8 fl. oz. 316 mg
Amp Energy Boost Original Sugar Free 16 fl. oz. 142 mg
Guarana is a plant grown in Brazil. The guarana plant contains guaranine, a molecule that is very closely related to caffeine, but has 4-7 times the strength of caffeine. Guarana contains the stimulants theophylline and theobromine, and other substances such as polyphenols that form insoluble complexes that help to slow the release of caffeine into the bloodstream providing a longer and much more sustained stimulation of “energy” that for an adult, can last 4-6 hours (Feder, 2013).
According to Drugs.com the largest, resource for drug and related health information, their researchers found several disturbing facts about the use of guarana:
1. Guarana has not been evaluated by the FDA for safety,...