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Energy Resource: Petroleum And Wind Energy

1301 words - 6 pages

Have you ever wondered how Petroleum and Wind Energy is used? Well they use it for many different things. I’m trying to understand why Petroleum is being used way too much and why Wind Energy might help us use different types of alternative energy.
Petroleum is a thick mixture of gases, liquid, and solids that are below the Earth’s surface. (American Association of Petroleum Geologists, 2008-2012) Petroleum Jelly is another form of petroleum that is used in ointments and lotions ( Helmenstine, Ph.D., 2013) Petroleum in its natural for is called Crude Oil (N/A, 2013) Petroleum is a nonrenewable resource and takes more time to make petroleum than we use it (The Need, 2001)
We Drill wells into the earth’s surface to pump out petroleum. After we drill the oil it is sent to refineries. Then mostly it’s made into gasoline. After it is made into gasoline it is moved through pipelines, trucks, and ships. (The Need, 2001)
It’s becoming more expensive with the cost of lifting and finding cost. Lifting costs are the costs to operate and maintain the oil. Finding costs are the costs of exploring for and developing reserves of oil and gas. EIA collects data related to these costs from the largest U.S. oil and gas producers in its Financial Reporting System. (U.S department, 2012)
We need it for many human needs. (Mike Martinez, 2002) Crude oil is used in three ways: Transportation, Electricity Generation, and Material Production. (Mike Martinez, 2002) We use it to fill our gas tanks in our automobiles. (The Need, 2012) We use it to make many normal household and sport goods. (Mike Martinez, 2002)
Petroleum is created when organic material like dead animals, and plants become trapped and buried in sedimentary rock where it decomposes (N/A, 2011) Then it decomposes from the heat and pressure of the earth’s surface (N/A, 2011) When the buried remains get around 10,000 feet the natural heat of the earth and the intense pressure will combine to act upon the buried remains. (Petroleum.co.uk, 2013) Lower temperatures during petroleum formation will result in thicker, darker raw petroleum deposits (Petroleum.co.uk, 2013)
Petroleum is heated at high temperature and the components start to separate (N/A, N/A) Distillation occurs in two areas which is the crude tower and the vacuum tower. (N/A, 2008) The Conversion process converts crude oil into finished products such as gasoline. (N/A, 2008) Then it blends different chemicals to make gasoline. (N/A, 2008)
Gasoline averages about $3.70 per gallon or higher, depending on the region. Obama backed down on drilling during his campaign when it goes threatened by the GOP. Since the oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico you have to get new offshore drilling permits. Democrats say that they’re concerned citizens with lower incomes would feel the burden of higher gas and food prices. (Berman, 2011)
Since 1970, geologists, economists and industry analysts have been wondering just how long worldwide supplies will keep up with...

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