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Energy Resource Paper

1054 words - 5 pages

Oil shale refers to any sedimentary rock that contains solid bituminous materials (that are called kerogen) that are released as petroleum-like liquids when the rock is heated in the chemical process of pyrolysis. EIS. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://ostseis.anl.gov/guide/oilshale/
Oil shale must first be mined from the ground and then heated to a liquid substance, in a process called retorting; the resultant liquid must then be separated and collected. An experiment to find a new way to extract oil shale is to heat the oil shale underground to a liquid, then pump the liquid out of the ground. EIS. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://ostseis.anl.gov/guide/oilshale/
Oil shale is burned to generate electricity, and is put in multiple byproducts such as cement. Oil shale is used for transportation by at least 2/3 of the world. Oil is in products such as toothpaste, deodorant, soap, shampoo, etc. Baxamusa, B. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.buzzle.com/articles/what-do-we-use-oil-for.html
The oil we get out of the ground was mostly formed by organic matter. Any decayed organic matter such as aquatic life, fossils of plants and animals, wood etc. it is then sedimented by piles of mud and rocks over a period of time. The earth’s mantle over time melts this organic material into resources of oil. Karthik, N. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.buzzle.com/articles/how-is-oil-formed.html

Part 2
My energy source is called OTEC, (Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion). This a marine renewable energy technology that harnesses the solar energy absorbed by oceans to generate power.
In Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion there are three ways it can create energy. One is called and closed-cycle Otec. In this process warm seawater on the surface is pumped through a heat exchanger that vaporizes a fluid with a low boiling point. The vapor expands causing a turbo-generator to turn and producing energy. In an open-cycle, warm seawater is placed in a container at low-pressure, where it boils. The steam that expands drives a turbine attached to an electrical generator. The process where is boils and the ocean water turns to steam, its leaves behind its salt and other contaminants. The steam that is exposed to cold ocean water condenses it into fresh water for people to drink and irrigation. The last way it can produce energy is called Hybrid Otec. Warm seawater enters a vacuum chamber, where it’s flash-evaporated into steam. Heat from the steam vaporizes ammonia in a separate container, and this vaporized ammonia drives a turbine producing electricity. Same as the open-cycle, when the steam condenses in the heat exchanger, it becomes fresh water. Allana Buick & Bers, I. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://energyplace.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=7&Itemid=11
The costs of Otec are enormous but give a big profit in at least five years. For a 10 mega-watt...

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