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Energy Resources Essay

2404 words - 10 pages

There are all types of energy resources that can help us make life easier. What I will be talking about is natural gas, which is a fossil fuel and I will talk about how it is used and how we can conserve it. I will be doing the same with geothermal energy about how it is used and how we can conserve it.
Natural Gas is a colorless, odorless and it is a vital source that when it is burned it gives off a lot of energy. It is a nonrenewable resource because it is a fossil fuel. Also it is made of methane, but also etheane, propane, butane and pentane. It is one of the cleanest, safest and it is most useful of all energy sources and vital component of worlds oil supply. Natural gas is clean burning and emits lower levels of potentially harmful byproducts into the air.
(NaturalGas.org, 2004)
The process of mining Natural Gas is a long process that takes time. Within 4 to 8 weeks, workers secure a rig and try to run final experiments and then they experimental analyst on the rig. Then within 4 to 5 weeks, they construct a drilling rig and drilling, and then they put in a cement layer at the top to make sure that the well stays safe and its surrounding formations. Then they have rig work which takes 2 to 5 days, they use hydraulic fracturing which puts together a mixture of 90 percent water, 9.5 percent sand, and 0.5 percent chemicals into the well at high pressures to keep the fissures open, which allows the gas to flow. The next step is producing natural gas which can take up to 25-40 years to produce. The well is monitored to make sure nothing happened to it. (aboutnaturalgas.com, 2003)
The cost of Natural Gas is $3.41 to import it to the United States. Also it costs $3.83 to export it to the United States. The commercial price is $8.89 of natural gas, commercial price is available to all organizations and individuals. The electric power price is $4.34 to use natural gas, electric power is the rate of energy consumption in an electrical circut. (eia.gov, 2013)
Natural Gas is used because it heats up people’s houses, 62 million people use natural gas to heat their home. It is used for water heating and space heating in the homes. Cement requires a heat source for it to melt or dry and the heat source it uses is natural gas, cement is used for building houses and making sidewalks.. Some use it as fuel for their cars and this creates less smog and air pollution for our air to be cleaner. Natural Gas makes electricity which allows us to see in the house and do things like read and when it is burned it emits less carbon dioxide then coal and petroleum. In 2011, about 25 % of the energy consumed across the nation was obtained from Natural gas. (geology.com, 2005)
Natural Gas is formed from plants and animal remain are buried at the bottom of the ocean. Then they become oxidated and they go through a chemical reaction, that turns it into a liquid making it natural gas. Then natural gas deposit tries to migrate upwards to the surface but some are caught...

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