Motor Development And Physical Competence Of Children In The 5 To 12 Year Age Group.

3425 words - 14 pages

Introduction'Physical activity positively impacts on the growth and development of children' (Pangrazi, R.P. 1998:18). The following studies advocate the value of an active lifestyle for both physical and sociological growth and development. Involvement in physical activity whilst an adult usually depends on childhood participation and the level of satisfaction gained from such involvement. 'Developing motor skills at an early stage provides the tools needed to be physically active throughout life.' (Pangrazi, R.P. 1998:18)An overview of motor development from birth to adulthood.Motor development is the improvement of the ability to move and perform various physical activities. This begins with involuntary foetal movement and continues through birth, childhood, adolescence, and into adulthood. It is by observing the various movement capabilities of the individual as they grow and the close examination of the progressions of such movement along with the environmental factors that effect an individual's development, which allows us to get an insight into the real process of motor development.'The process of motor development reveals itself primary through changes in movement behaviour. All of us, infants, children, adolescents, and adults, are involved in the lifelong process of learning how to move with control and competence in response to challenges we face daily in a constantly changing world.' (Gallahue, D.L. & Ozmun, J.C. 1998:79).The first forms of movement are made in utero. They are involuntary reflexes sub cortically controlled and form the fundamental basis of motor development for a lifetime. These reflexive movements can be divided into two overlapping phases. The information encoding stage of the Reflexive Movement Phase is characterised by the observable involuntary movements primarily designed to gather information, seek nourishment, and find protection. From about four months of age the information decoding stage starts. In this stage there is a gradual inhibition of many of the reflexes as the brain develops and the lower brain releases control over bodily movements. (Gallahue, D.L. & Ozmun, J.C. 1998:82). The next stage of movements involves the brain in processing information and not just bodily reaction to different stimuli. These first forms of voluntary movements are known as the Rudimentary Movement Phase and are seen from birth through to approximately two years of age and are the basic movements required for survival, such as control of head, neck and stomach muscles, manipulative skills including reaching and grasping, along with locomotive skills like crawling and walking. (Gallahue, D.L. & Ozmun, J.C. 1998:82).The Fundamental Movement Phase follows and usually develops at the same time as the child is able to walk through their environment independently. This is when children are actively exploring and experimenting in their own environment, within their bodily capabilities. There is an increase in control...

Find Another Essay On Motor Development and physical competence of children in the 5 to 12 year age group.

The Impact of Divorce on Children from 0 to 3 Years Age Group

976 words - 4 pages just my dad. Seeing divorce on my topic sheet sparked my mind to researching it considering I have divorced parents. I am very intrigued in learning about the different reactions in the different ages since I never had the answer on why my 10 year old brother reacted the way he did. I will be providing examples of different situations that resulted in divorce with adults and the impact on the different ages on the children of the parents

Associations Between Media Viewing and Language Development in Children Under Age Two Years of Age

1233 words - 5 pages Development in Children Under Age 2 Years (Zimmerman et al., 2007) Nearly every theory of language development recognizes that there is a critical period for learning language. During this critical period a child must receive environmental input for normal development. Parents and caregivers are an extremely important piece of this environmental input and the best way for caregivers to teach their children language is to simply talk to them—a

Physical, Intellectual, Emotional and Social Development of Children Ages 0-8 Years

3677 words - 15 pages writing. They know the names of many familiar objects and toys and will use the words with meaning. By age 4, most children have a more complicated understanding of time. They realize that the day is divided into morning, afternoon, and night. They can even appreciate the change in seasons. By age 5, children are able to recite the alphabet and to recognize simple words in print. These skills are all fundamental to learning

Treatment of drinking water and the processes used in the Illawarra region. HSC year 12 syllabus

4808 words - 19 pages cations such as Cu2+, Mn2+, Zn3+, and Fe3+. TDS values of 1000 ppm and above are common. The higher TDS becomes the less suitable for humans, cattle and sheep.When the pH of rainwater is less than 5 it is more able to leach certain cations such as Ca2+, Mg2+ and Fe3+ from the soil it passes, so the concentrations of these ions increase.A factor of human contribution to the change in concentration of ion levels are:Human activity in the

Development of Social Competence

2771 words - 11 pages develop from a friend being a person whom shares toys to deep emotional commitment which comes much later in years.Communication:Communication is a huge part of social competence. If children lack the verbal skills to communicate feelings then they may become frustrated and express their feeling in other more physical ways. Children whom are competent in communication are able to express feelings of happiness as well as distress using their speech

Importance of Talking and Listening To The Development of Children

779 words - 3 pages ‘’Talking and listening are important to the development of children. Discuss this and suggest ways in which a child’s development can be enhanced’’. Talking and listening are essential life skills. The ability to talk in order to communicate and exchange ideas and information, to negotiate with others, to express feelings and emotions, allows human beings to function well in the world and to be full and active members of society

Analysis of Development of a Shared Theory in Palliative Care to Enhance Nursing Competence

783 words - 4 pages Desbiens, J., Gagnon, J., & Fillion, L. (2012). Development of a shared theory in palliative care to enhance nursing competence. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 68(9). 2113-2124. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648-2011.05917.x. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h9AN=78109413&site=ehost-live Shared Theory This article addresses the development of a shared theory based upon the Social Cognitive Theory of Bandura and the Self Care

Describe and discuss the social and emotional consequences for a child of being identified as gifted. Refer to evidence in your answer. (12 marks - 5/7 split)

1194 words - 5 pages be up to 6 years their senior however their physical, social and emotional development will not be as advanced - this creates an imbalance and suggests they could have some special needs.Janos '80 conducted research on 32 highly gifted children with an IQ of above 164 who were aged 6-9. He compared these with 49 children who had a moderate intelligence level but were the same age. Janos found that gifted children rate higher in their academic

The Businesses and Development of AKH Group

1258 words - 6 pages approach to health beyond the traditional health care system that focuses on health equity-producing social policy. PHC includes all areas that play a role in health, such as access to health services, environment and lifestyle. Primary health and skill development is one of the most important issues for community development and AKH group is contributing a sum of rupees 1000 crore towards community development. As a consultant to AKH group we will

The Turning Essay: an analysis of the use of setting in the Turning to create meaning - Year 12 - Essay

1259 words - 6 pages powerfully conveys the struggles of the “Aussie Battler” in the face of these expectations whilst reinforcing the power of the individual to escape the bleak urban reality of urban life for the consolation provided by the natural Australian landscape. Through the use of contrasting setting, and specifically juxtaposition of romantic and realist elements, ‘Aquifer’ and ‘Abbreviation’ can be seen to appeal to and reinforce our sense of Australian

The Effects Of Physical Punishment To Modify Undesireable Behavior In Children. This Essay Explains The Negative Effects Of Using Physical Punishment On Children

515 words - 3 pages Effects of Physical Punishment to Modify Undesirable Behavior in Children.There must be a concern for the negative effects of physical punishment of children's undesirable behavior. One main concern is that abusive parenting is a model that children adopt an acceptable method of parenting their own children. There is certainly a correlation between children who have been subject to harsh physical punishment and children who grow up to be abusive

Similar Essays

Physical And Motor Development In Preschool Children

1078 words - 4 pages and preferences. Most physical disabilities become more apparent during this time, so observing children for common characteristics is important. We can also observe them and find their levels of cognitive and social development. By knowing these levels we are able to develop daily schedules that can work on the weak points in each individuals life. If a child really needs help with their fine motor skills and another child needs to work on their

Physical And Motor Development Essay

1669 words - 7 pages manipulating their fingers to pick up small objects like Cheerios. It is important to objectively study physical and motor development in children to gain knowledge on what characteristics are considered typical for each age and stage of development. This will enable me to be aware of when a child or children are developing at an irregular pace, and devise recommendations or find experiences and other resources that can aid in stimulating their development

Physical Development Of Children In Middle Childhood

1815 words - 7 pages manipulation of symbols relating to concrete objects; thinking is operational, reversible, and less egocentric”. (Wikipedia) To conclude whilst physical development works with the development of fine and gross motor skills in the learning environment, it is essential that the correct choice of physical activity and environment of that activity is appropriate for the specific age group within the ‘middle childhood’ group. Although children aged

Description Of Piaget's Stages Of Cognitive Development Until The Age Of Two And Early Motor Development Of Infants

731 words - 3 pages Development. Jean Piaget was a developmental biologist who devoted his life to observing and recording the development of infants, children, and adolescents.One of the most common concerns among parents in the motor development of their children. They may believe that their child is not developing normally if he or she is not sitting up at the exact time, or if they began walking a month or two later then most children. In actuality, variability in the