Engineering 101 Essay

1145 words - 5 pages

Picture the world without skyscrapers, bridges, and even transportation well without engineers that's the world we would live in. A great man by the name of Albert Einstein once said, “Scientists investigate that which already is; Engineers create that which has never been." It takes a very unique and skilled person to become an engineer; you have to be dedication to your passion to succeed. The word engineer actually comes from a Latin word meaning "cleverness". Engineering is known today as the art or science of making practical application of knowledge of pure sciences. It is the engineer part of the human brain that has created civilization. Whether you think that's a good thing, a bad thing, or just a thing, you should understand what a huge thing it is and how it works. Engineering has many different aspects, so I will explain the history of engineering as well as identify structural and mechanical engineering.
The history of engineering is quite extensive from invention of the wheel by Mesopotamian in 3500 BC to the extravagant things created today. Engineering has existed in many forms for much longer than many people would expect. Even some of the most basic inventions required a certain amount of skill and intelligent design techniques. For example a seemingly simple invention such as the wheel needed a talented engineer to come up with the initial concept. Some of the very first engineering projects were simply based on trial and error. Imaginative and creative individuals with good technical skills would try and design and put things together, making some truly brilliant inventions the first phase of modern engineering emerged in the Scientific Revolution. With Galileo Galilei's two new sciences, which seeks systematic explanations and adopted a scientific approach to practical problems, it's a landmark regarded by many engineer historians as the beginning of structural analysis, the mathematical representation and design of building structures. This phase of engineering lasted through the first industrial revolution, when machines, increasingly powered by steam engines, started to replace muscles in most production. While pulling off the revolution, traditional artisans transformed themselves to modern professionals. The French which were more rationalistic oriented, spearheaded civil engineering with emphasis on mathematics and developed university engineering education under the sponsorship of their government. The British, more empirically oriented, pioneered mechanical engineering and autonomous professional societies under the laissez-faire attitude of their government. Gradually, practical thinking became scientific in addition to intuitive, as engineers developed mathematical analysis and controlled experiments. Technical training shifted from apprenticeship to university education. Information flowed more quickly in organized meetings and journal publications as professional societies emerged.
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