Early civilizations were the founders of many skills we use today to make our life easier than what it was in the past. The civilizations found everything from arts, literature, architecture, mathematics and craftsmanship with metal, wood, and stone. The Chinese, Egyptians, and Greeks made amazing achievements by discovering the basics of mathematics and science, and were clean, well defended, had good water supply, and were well connected with roads to other parts of their empire or kingdom. Chinese people were the ones who were using clocks at a very early date and in approximately the year 200 B.C. a Greek who lived in Egypt named Hiero of Alexandria designed a working steam turbine. Although, many of these civilizations were responsible for great creations involving science and mathematics, none of them were near as skilled as the Romans civilization when it came to engineering and building.
The Romans were mainly known of their awesome work with architecture and civil engineering, no great names in science or mathematics were ever discovered from across their time. The skill the Roman engineers had were not passed by anyone until one reaches modern times. Just imagine how smart you had to be in order to build objects without manufacture parts to standard dimensions. Also imagine not having enormous factories that make the mass production of objects that are much needed for the construction of many structures. The Roman Empire was very strict with their soldiers, in order for soldiers to advance in ranks they had to have some knowledge of engineering. I believe that they have the right to call themselves brilliant hard working people.
When the Roman Empire captured new territory with their unstoppable army, engineers set out cities to the Roman plan and built them with excellent roads and a clean water system. They started to build the roads in 500 BC and went on building through the expansion of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire. The roads provided for the land movement of armies, civilians, officials, and trade that went for years between the united cities. They also provided good communication throughout the cities. That is why the Roman Empire had great control over their land, the communication the roads gave them also gave them power. There was several kinds of Roman roads that ranged from small city roads to wide, long-scale highways. The long highways were built to connect cities, important towns, and military bases. These major roads were often, curved for drainage, metaled and stone-paved, and were surrounded by drainage ditches. The roads were also put along dirt that was accurately aligned. They sometimes made the roads go through hills, or built over rivers and ravines on bridgework.
At the peak of Rome's rise in power, no fewer than 29 great military highways came from the capital. Near the end to the Empire, 113 cities were brought together by 372 great roads. The total count of the was more than 400,000 km, of which...