Enhancing Athletic Performance While Reducing Injuries In hockey you need both general fitness and specific fitness. You need
good strength, stamina, speed, agility, balance, co-ordination, fast
reactions and many more. All these can help every individual become
better at their sport and have better health. These fitness needs can
also prevent many injuries as you are less agile to your sport.
Fitness levels can also be affected by many things such as illness,
weight, alcohol and drugs, dieting and psychological factors.
You should always warm up before physical workout and cool down
afterwards. There are many factors that can cause injury but also many
ways to prevent them. Injuries are both internally caused and
externally caused. Internal injuries are self caused where you over
use the muscles and external injuries are caused equipment,
environmental conditions or opponents. Injuries can occur due to the
weather (environment), being overweight causing heart problems,
breathing problems, joint and foot problems etc, physical ability, the
wrong equipment and facilities. These can be prevented by setting
realistic targets, pre participation screening, carrying out fitness
programmes in pre season, using appropriate equipment, do not over
train or train while hurt. Enforcing rules helps prevention of
dangerous use of sticks and careless play of the ball. Also seek
medical attention sooner rather than later and get adequate nutrition.
Injured people should not be moved unless they them self say that it
is ok. If more attention is paid to extrinsic and intrinsic risk
factors, injuries can be a lot less frequent.
The same injuries can occur in many different sports in different
situations but there can be more common injuries in each individual
sport such as legs in football, shoulder or arm in javelin and hands
or ankles in netball etc. Environmental injuries are things such as
frostbite, hypothermia, exhaustion and heat stroke. Injuries can also
occur due to physiological reasons making the person become fatigue,
have muscle soreness and depletion of energy reserves. Before carrying
out a session in the individual sport, a risk assessment should be
preformed as there are others risk factors that should be identified
such as slippery surfaces, equipment left out, food or drink that may
be tipped in the training area. You can outline whether or not the
area is suitable for that sport or the right age group and if not, how
the safety issues could be improved. You also have to take into
consideration the age of the sportsperson as already mentioned.
In hockey, it is important that the right equipment and footwear is
worn to prevent...