Having been so problematic for ages, the conflict over the Korean Peninsula does not seem to be sooner ended after Cheonan incident which is even worsening the situation indeed. Even though many countries in the world are focusing on how North Korea and South Korea come up with such satisfactory ratified solution. External interference is playing a crucial role in this issue especially the participation of U.S. and Japan that have officially announced to support South Korea when attacked. On the other hand, China and Russia are doing the same thing. Also, this seems to be more controversial in such a way that those countries are mutually challenging.
China, U.S., and Russia are nuclear holders and ate fit in UN Security Council as well. So, in case of North Korea and South Korea conflict, they will definitely take action in order to protect the supported countries – North Korea by China and Russia; while, South Korea by U.S. and Japan. However, South Korea now is requesting North Korea to acknowledge the Cheonan incident thanks to the proven evidences. In the meantime, North Korea still insisted on the nuclear programme with the reason of national security interest which is harming U.S. and Japan to block North Korea and China also will not be reluctant to react the U.S. action. These will make more problematic in Korean Peninsula for sure. However, countries over the world are also looking forward to seeing the peaceful end of the story.
After the World War II, Northeast Asia: China, Japan, North Korea, and South Korea, has been apparent by the absence of multilateral institutions. When comparing between Southeast Asia and Northeast Asia, SEA has much further overtaken NEA in the growth of multilateral institutions both with in the region of which ASEAN is the most remarkable, along with external partners such as ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF), East Asia Summit (EAS), and ASEAN plus dialogue partners or ASEAN plus Three (APT). Nevertheless, Northeast Asian countries including U.S. are members of some of these multilateral organisations.
The great confinement on the development of multilateralism in NEA has been such problematic relations of the countries in the region including U.S. resulting from past and current conflicts deteriorated by continuing disputes over territory and history. The historical luggage and ongoing conflicts have brought the countries deeply distrustful and antagonistic towards one another which, conversely, have halted the development of mutual understanding and trust and respect so necessary for cooperation.
On the other hand, in the past of history and present conflicts stills clouds the future of multilateralism; while, profound changes in the external environment have created a new strategic opening in the region for multilateral cooperation. The temporary collapse of Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War have caused to normalization of diplomatic relations between previous Cold War enemies such...