This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Enlargement Of The European Union Essay

2723 words - 11 pages

The intention of this paper is to identify the advantages and disadvantages for both Central and Eastern European countries (CEECs) and the European Union, when the CEECs eventually join the EU. This will be done by first introducing the subject through a brief background concerning past enlargements of the Union, and will continue by outlining the countries that have been accepted as candidates. Moving on, the various criteria for accession will be identified, as will the process involved in the negotiations between candidate countries and the EU. The paper will then concentrate on the various advantages that the enlargement may carry for both the Union and the CEECs, and in contrast to this the final part of the paper will identify the disadvantages for the EU and the CEECs that may occur if the proposed enlargement goes ahead as planned.The proposed enlargement of the European Union into Central and Eastern Europe is one of the most important opportunities for the Union as it moves further into the 21st century. Never before, in the history of the EU, has an expansion of such scale been attempted. It is a unique proposal that marks yet another milestone in the growing integration of a continent that is characterised by stability, prosperity and peace within and between both its current and future member states. The EU already has a successful history of past enlargements. Initially, there was the Treaty of Paris (1951) that established the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), and then the Treaty of Rome (1957) which created the European Economic Community (EEC). Both Treaties were signed by the six founding members of Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. The EU then underwent four enlargements to make up the current 15 member states. The first of these was in 1973 with Denmark, Ireland and the UK joining. The second was in 1983 when Greece joined. The third was in 1986 when Portugal and Spain joined, and finally in 1995 Austria, Finland and Sweden all became members. However, the current enlargement proposal is more complex due to the number of candidates, the increase in area (34%), the rise in population (105 million) and the numerous disparities between different cultures1.The enlargement process began in December 1997 at the Luxembourg summit where the EU agreed to open accession negotiations with six countries out of the thirteen central and eastern European applicants2. The applicants are as follows: Bulgaria, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania, the Slovak Republic, Slovenia and Turkey. At this summit, the European Council decided that the enlargement process should encompass: the European Conference, a multilateral framework that brings together ten Central European countries, Cyprus and Turkey, which was launched on the 12th of March 1998; the accession process, covering ten Central European countries and Cyprus, which was launched on the 30th of...

Find Another Essay On Enlargement Of The European Union

Political Economy of the European Union: Outline the major features of the Common Agricultural Policy as it currently operates. Consider the problems posed for the policy by the Enlargement

878 words - 4 pages several times and with difficulty. The reason of the creation of the CAP was both economic and political. It was basically to encourage farmers to produce more food after the World War II (WWII) shortages, to stabilise the European Union (EU) agriculture market, guarantee EU farmers a market for their produce and guarantee level of comfort for agricultural community. Reasonable price for customers was also an objective. In the 1970s and 1980s, the

The Success of the European Union

1715 words - 7 pages The European Union can be traced back to the 1940’s when British wartime Prime Minister Winston Churchill envisaged a United States of Europe. However, Churchill had no idea how powerful an institution it would become by the late 20th century. The formation of the EU came just over a decade after the Second World War, 1957. For the EU’s originators the EU was a way of reducing national hostility, resentment and competition, which had driven the

The History of the European Monetary Union

3624 words - 14 pages )1. The development of the European Monetary UnionIn 1998 the European Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM) was introduced as part of the EMS in order to reduce exchange rate variability and to achieve monetary stability in Europe in preparation for the European Monetary Union and for the introduction of the Euro. In 1999 ERM II replaced ERM. ERM II is an exchange rate mechanism for EU countries which are currently not taking part in the monetary union

The Tremendous Benefits of the European Union

1687 words - 7 pages of the European Union and its organizations. Since different theories of international relations view political events in vastly different ways, the standard schools of thought (realist, liberalist, and feminist) regarding these international organizations will be specifically examined regarding their opinion on EU developments. The European Union, in uniting the nations of Europe under a regional system of sovereign states, attempts to unify

Contemporary Widening of the European Union

3506 words - 14 pages current member of the European Neighborhood Policy, policy designed for countries which border the European Union. Ukraine is declared a priority partner within the ENP and thus-forth has remained a candidate for future enlargement of the Union. Several partnerships with the EU has allowed Ukraine to begin to emerge from its independence from the former USSR and begin to integrate with the European Union in areas such as political and economic

The Impact of European Monetary Union

2107 words - 8 pages I. Introduction According to Lane (2006), the European Monetary Union (EMU) began on the year 1999. Following his line of analysis and reasoning, this paper shall seek to analyze the purported impacts of the said action in the light of their inflation rates and the proportion of their portfolio holdings allocated to the other members of the Euro-zone. Furthermore, the author of this paper shall look qualitatively in the current Asian context to

Environmental Policy of the European Union

3083 words - 12 pages The EU on the environmental path Introduction The European Union (EU) is a local political and economic union between 28 member-states. However, apart from its domestic political significance it is also considered as an important international actor, which participates in the ongoing debates concerned with number of issues. These issues go beyond traditional security and economic threats along with questions posed to the members of such

Contemporary Benefits of the European Union

1439 words - 6 pages encouraged the idea of European countries banding together, he likened it to ‘a kind of United States of Europe’. However, this view has not always brought enthusiasm, with some fearing the idea of a ‘super state’, loss of sovereignty, spending money/sharing resources where they will not see a return or perhaps due to a lack of faith in the importance of being part of the European Union (EU), hence some countries have still not joined (for example

The European Union

721 words - 3 pages The European Union (EU) was created in the outcome of the Second World War. The enlargement of the EU was ver big, it went from six countries to 28 countries. With this enlargement, it has economically and politically really changed some countries. Since the EU is based in Europe, it has really helped countries economically. So the enlargement of the EU is very effective in a positive manner. The EU was officially created on November 1, 1993

The European Union extended

4864 words - 19 pages fifth enlargement of the EU has a political and moral dimension.Not only geographically but also in terms of their culture, their history and their aspirations, the countries concerned - Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia - are decidedly European. In joining the European Union they are joining the democratic European family and taking their full part in the great project conceived by

The European Union

5786 words - 23 pages 1993 •     After enlargement in 2004, firms selling in the ESM zone have access to more than 450 million consumers BIBLIOGRAPHY •     HOW THE EU WAS BUILT BBC News; Tuesday, 5 December, 2000 •     THE EU AT A GLANCE, HISTORY OF THE EUROPEAN UNION http://europa.eu.int/abc/history/index_en.htm •     ENLARGEMENT OF THE EUROPEAN UNION http

Similar Essays

The Enlargement Of The European Union

2433 words - 10 pages The enlargement of the European Union (EU) in 2004 and 2007 has been termed as the largest single expansion of the EU with a total of 12 new member states – bringing the number of members to 27 – and more than 77 million citizens joining the Commission (Murphy 2006, Neueder 2003, Ross 2011). A majority of the new member states in this enlargement are from the eastern part of the continent and were countries that had just emerged from communist

Enlargement Of The European Union (Eu): The Implications For Business

1840 words - 7 pages There has been much debate surrounding the subject of Enlargement with regards to the European Union (EU) due to the political, institutional, cultural and economic factors that are involved. This essay looks at the way in which businesses from EU-15 countries have been able to exploit the increased number of consumers, the possibility of relocation for lower production and labour costs and the cross-border supply chains. There will also be

European Union Enlargement Eastwards Essay

4465 words - 18 pages European Union Enlargement Eastwards The European Union (EU) is one of the Russian's key partners both in an economic and a geopolitical sense. EU-Russian relations are built on a partnership basis. Both sides acknowledge the importance of relations between the EU and the Russian Federation and express their mutual desire to strengthen and develop these relations further. On September 5, 1998 the EU

"The Boundaries In The Enlargement Of Europe" Cultural, Geo Political, Institutional/Legal Boundaries That Are Shifting In The Enlargement Process Of European Union

1812 words - 7 pages With the end of the Cold War, the former subjects of the Soviet Union re-entered to political, cultural and economic arena starting a new phase in European continent and in European Union by the enlargement process. However the extending of European Union eastwards gave rise to the debates over the boundaries of Europe and the uncertainty about the final limits are becoming a problematic field that effects the future of the Union.BOUNDARY