Enterprise Resource Planning System & Its Role In Supply Chain Management

2515 words - 11 pages

20th century is a competitive, fast growing and continually changing era. Many new business departments evolved out of which supply chain management becomes one of the major and core function of modern business. According to the entrepreneurs the mantra of success depends on the integration among various business departments. i.e. ( Hrm, Marketing, Finance and Scm ).
Supply chain management is the flow of goods and services from company suppliers to product/services users. The Supply chain varies from company to company the long it is more complex it is. Supply chain management includes the coordination of different intermediaries having different objectives from each other; therefore, So, for this effective and efficient coordination of different intermediaries, organizations are now moving towards the implementation of electronically managing the supply chain activities so that not only customers but also the other stakeholders of the organization must be willing to have long term business relationships with all the entities in a supply chain. This e-based supply chain management has its implication in the ERP systems, which not only automates important transactions but also results in better long and short term planning as well.
Supply chain management has three components that are:
1. Materials flow from suppliers and their “upstream” suppliers at all levels.
2. Transformation
3. Distribution of products to customers and their “downstream” customers at all levels.

In that diagram suppliers that providing raw materials categorized as upstream activity in supply chain management, the departments involved in any kind of purchasing decisions are categorized as transformation and last sets of distributors, retailers and customers are categorized as downstream activity.
As we know that the larger the supply chain the more complicated to handle and to maintain records. Companies who are doing small business easily record their supply chain activities through excel but companies with large business and number of products finding it very difficult to collect the various kinds of information from their internal departments and as well as from suppliers and customers outside the organization.
The concept of ERP was come from MRP (manufacturing resource planning). MRP performs various manufacturing functions so keeping that in mind ERP was developed. ERP not only concern with manufacturing but also record the transactions of suppliers and customers and also it is used for internal connection among various departments.
ERP stands for “Enterprise Resource Planning”. It is software that is designed to control and falcate the flow of data between the various integrated functions that are performed by organization like inventory management, accounting, financing, sales, manufacturing etc. ERP effectively internally integrate various departments in company through a simple program...


Planning and Controlling the Supply Chain Paper

942 words - 4 pages accommodate manager's needs for performance evaluation in some settings such as just in time (JIT) environments. Managers use the budgeting process to identify and allocate the resources necessary to accomplish the goals of the organization through the management cycle by: executing, reviewing, and planning accordingly. Budgets are a basis to report the organizations financing, investing, and operating activities that are tied to long-term and short

Devising of Optimization Models and Modelling Systems for Supply Chain Planning and Management

1847 words - 7 pages language, you must understand which particular part of the "country" he is from.There are essentially four tribes that until fairly recently, have coexisted more or less peacefully in the supply chain software village. They are the ERPers, the SCMers, the OPTers, and the ANALers.ERP softwareThe ERPers hail from ERP land, formerly known as MRP land. ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) software tools took the concepts of MRP and attempted to

A successful Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system implementation requires integration of technology with business strategy and assessing the impact of the system on all aspects of the business;

9755 words - 39 pages /paper but still, paying special attention to few, earmarked dimensions of impact, that might befall on the business strategy, as a particular requirement given in the statement of the problem, will be discussed in this section.The system of ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) and its implementation including packaged software as an integrated system, offer coverage to many sub fields such as, transportation, manufacturing, purchases, distribution

Define Enterprise resources planning system (ERPs). Critically evaluate the statement " ERPS are useful for management accouting and enhance decision making".

2683 words - 11 pages constrained by geographical or time boundaries, progressively, organizations are becoming in favor of adopting a more resource-based view of the firm. Consequently, as Chapman and Chua (2003, p.78) identifies, it is increasingly important that an organization develops an 'integrated and coordinated' approach in relation to knowledge, technology and relationship management, which is called Enterprise Resources Planning System (ERPS). Over recent years

E commerce and its impact on business to business organisations supply chain.

2951 words - 12 pages advantage.Supply chain management is a crucial area of B2B Electronic Commerce. It represents planning, organising and managing your inventory online. Consider the following situation which illustrates how e-commerce has facilitated this management of the supply chain.If a businesses stock is stored in a database which is connected to both the office and the warehouse, then at any given moment you can check your stock and update them. If this system

Supply Chain Management in Seafood

2172 words - 9 pages Management (SCM), in particular in the links of packaging, transport and distribution which are vulnerable to damage. SCM is the collaborative effort of numerous channel members to design, implement, and manage seamless value-added process to create value for end customer. This report reviewed the various changes in the seafood market in the last 10 to 20 years and discussed the impact of supply chain management in seafood industry. The key

Relationships in supply chain management

1726 words - 7 pages total cost in the whole system, but not only the profit they get and ethics in alliances are more important than expediency. Alliances will last more time than transactional and collaborative relationships.These three different relationships are suitable for different circumstances. When a firm selects a new supplier, the supply chain manager should consider the relationships between the firm and new supplier. Because of the supplier is new

Supply Chain Management in Purchasing

2443 words - 10 pages of 'Coca-Cola' products in Great Britain, supplying around 240 million cases every year. As a successful large company, coca-cola does quite well in dealing with their ethics issues.This report focuses on how coca-cola Enterprise Ltd manages its purchasing ethics and organized into three sections: the first section examines some ethical issues relating to suppliers in coca-cola Enterprise Ltd; the second section introduces the five steps to manage

Assess the changed role of human resource practitioners as a consequence of the introduction of the Work Choices legislation in Australian Industrial Relations system of December, 2005.

1988 words - 8 pages Topic: "Assess the changed role of human resource practitioners as a consequence of the introduction of the Work Choices legislation of December, 2005. Also investigate the need for caution on the part of such practitioners in implementing the provisions of this new legislation."The purpose of preparing this essay is to assess the changed role of human resource practitioners as a consequence of the introduction of the Work Choices legislation in

Success Factors in Supply Chain Management

971 words - 4 pages Management) ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) Inventory Software SRM (Supplier Relationship Management) Supply Chain Monitoring Features Advanced Shipment Notification (ASN) Management Advanced Shipment Notification (ASN) Management Advanced Shipment Notification (ASN) Management Customizable Notifications Electronic Messaging API Customizable Notifications In-transit Status Updates

Information Systems in Supply Chain Management

6098 words - 24 pages . Davenport TH. 1998. "Putting the Enterprise into the Enterprise System." Harvard Bus Rev 1998. David Jacoby. 2009. "Guide to Supply Chain Management: How Getting it Right Boosts Corporate Performance." The Economist Books, Bloomberg Press 1st Edition. Douglas M. Lambert and Martha C Cooper. 2000. "Issues in Supply Chain Management." Journal of Industrial Marketing Management, Vol. 29, Issue 1, pp. 65-83. Frank Scavo. 2006. "An Inside Peek at

Similar Essays

Project: Enterprise Resource Planning System Essay

1718 words - 7 pages between countries , government laws and regulations. Legal risks are factors which are in relation to weak law enforcement and can lead to the loss of personal or important business information as well as piracy issues and law infringement. Conclusion The decision to implement an enterprise resource planning system (ERP) is a very beneficial decision which will solve their current systems issues and benefit IRCL in terms of product planning and

Enterprise Resource Planning Essay

1878 words - 8 pages Enterprise Resource Planning Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems integrate (or attempt to integrate) all data and processes of an organization into a unified system Definitions Rosemann (1999) described the ERP system as packaged (but customisable) software applications, which manage data from various organizational activities and provide a fully integrated solution to major organizational data management problems. They provide for

Enterprise Resource Planning Essay

1776 words - 7 pages Influence of Charismatic Leadership on ERP Implementation Lifecycle. System Sciences, 2009. HICSS '09. 42nd Hawaii International Conference 1,9, doi: 10.1109/HICSS.2009.7 17. Hoch, J. E., & Dulebohn, J. H. (2013), Shared leadership in enterprise resource planning and human resource management system implementation, Human Resource Management Review 23(1), 114-125, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hrmr.2012.06.007. 18. Stone, R. A. (1994). Leadership and

The Role Of Information Systems In Supply Chain Management.

1710 words - 7 pages The role of information systems in Supply Chain ManagementIntroductionThe purpose of this essay is to explore and evaluate the various approaches that can be taken to facilitate the management of supply chains.Supply Chain Management - A terminological backgroundThe Institute for Supply Chain Management has defined supply management as "the identification, acquisition, access, positioning and management of resources an organisation needs or