Three hundred years ago, ballet was introduced to Russia for the first time by the Czarita's Elizabeth and Anna. Their intention was court entertainment, but little did they know they made a move that would change the face of classical ballet forever. Although ballet originated in Italy and France, Russia certainly gets credit for stylizing and perfecting the art form. From opening the Imperial Ballet School to the formation of the Vaganova technique, from the splendor of Anna Pavlova to the defection of Mikhail Baryshnikov and Rudolf Nureyev, Russian ballet’s past has been a rollercoaster. In the aftermath of the January 17, 2013 acid attack on the Bolshoi artistic director, Sergei Filin, the ballet world is under intense scrutiny of what really goes on behind closed doors. To fully understand why all this controversy is swirling around a single art form based on grace, poise, and performance, we will need to understand the root of the issue. The country of Russia.
Russia is located south of the Arctic Ocean, west of Alaska, north of Mongolia and China, and east of Europe. The capital of Russia, the biggest country in the world, is Moscow which is at 55 45º N 37 42 E. The Russians speak mainly Russian, although other languages are also spoken (place). Russian is 6,592,800 square miles, that’s around two whole United States in one country and Russia is the home of the deepest and oldest lake in the world. Lake Baikal is 1637 meters deep, and is freshwater. The largest mountain in Europe is also located in Russia, Mt. Elbrus at 5642 miles high. The most popular way to travel (movement) in Russia is by railroads, followed by air travel, and then by roads (driving) and water transportation. The U.S. buys 50.5% of Russia’s oil exports and other petroleum products. Russia has sparked ideas of nuclear war (the Cold War) with the world and Communism and that spread across the world (although many nations chose not to use it). In the period of 1960-2012 the Aral Sea lost 80% of its water because of the irrigation of its feeding rivers (HEI). The pesticides and fertilizers coming from Russia have also killed 24 native fish species from the Aral Sea. Russia has eight formalized regions. The ones closest to the Arctic Ocean (parts of Siberia , the Far East, the Urals and the Northwest) are very cold and not very popularized as the more inland regions of the Central, the Southern, and the North Caucasus.
During the rule of the Czaritas Anna (ruled 1730-1740) and Elizabeth, (ruled 1741-1762) teachers were brought over from France to train a troupe of dancers for the royal courts. Soon, other dancers were inspired and independant troupes popped up all over and were performing across Russia. Czarita Anna wanted a school to train the performers.
In 1738, the Czarita Anna Ivanovna opened a school to a class of 12 boys and girls called the Imperial Ballet School. The children were those with a dance background such as folk dancing. The school was...