Envases Alimentos Essay

803 words - 3 pages

ENVASES PARA ALIMENTOS
Dr. Ricardo Correa Q.F.
Departamento de Alimentos ENYD

RC 2
• Envase alimentario: recipiente que contiene los alimentos, asegura su conservación y facilita su transporte o manipulación
• Envase primario: contacto directo • Envase secundario (empaque):
contiene al envase primario • Envase terciario (embalaje): uno o
varios secundarios

RC 3
Funciones del envase • Contener unidades de venta • Permitir transporte y comercialización • Conservar caracteres del alimento contenido
según su permeabilidad a: • vapor de agua • gases • aromas
• Proteger de • polvo • radiaciones • agentes de alteración biológicos • alteración/adulteración humana

RC 4
Características de los envases para alimentos
• Inocuidad ensayos de cesión o migración (migrantes) - MIGRACIÓN: transferencia de
componentes desde el material del que esta hecho el envase hacia los alimentos que contiene debido a fenómenos fisicoquímicos
- Riesgos: salud del consumidor, modificación inaceptable del alimento

RC 5
Características de los envases para alimentos
• Diferente para cada tipo de alimento • Resistente a las condiciones del proceso • Identifica al alimento permitiendo
• impresión • estampado • rotulación

RC 6
NORMATIVA • RBN (Decreto 315/1994)
- Cap. 12 "Materiales en contacto con alimentos"
• Tipos de materiales para envases y equipamientos • Tipos de materiales para cierre • Tipos de materiales plásticos • Tipos de aditivos para plásticos • Tipos de vidrio
• Dec. 63/996, 163 /001, 164 /001, 165/001, 167/001, 342/004

RC 7
NORMATIVA • Art. 12.4.3: ensayos de migración total
para materiales plásticos • Dec. 165/2001 (internaliza Res. GMC
30/92): Clasificación de alimentos y sus simulantes
• Simulantes: - Agua destilada - Ácido acético 3% - Etanol 15% - Aceite de oliva

RC 8
MATERIALES
• METALES • PAPEL • VIDRIO • PLÁSTICOS • LAMINADOS

RC 9
METALES
• aluminio: laminable en frío, estabilidad química (inerte), liviano, caro
• papel (foil) de aluminio: atractivo, impermeable, esterilizable, plegable, opaco, laminado conjunto con otros materiales: resistencia a tensión, rotura, arrugas
• hojalata: acero (aleación de hierro) recubierto con estaño y barnizado (película orgánica que protege de la corrosión)

RC 10
METALES • Ventajas
• buena transferencia térmica • resistencia a presión interna • hermeticidad • inviolabilidad • resistencia a esterilización industrial • seguridad

RC 11
PAPEL Y DERIVADOS • Entramado de fibras de celulosa obtenido a
partir de una suspensión...

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