Environment Managment Paradigms In New Zealand

1916 words - 8 pages

Legislation aimed at protecting New Zealand’s environment and natural resources has been through countless reforms to better tailor it to the various discourses that surround environmental management. In Simin Davoudi’s (2012) reading “Climate Risk and Security: New Meanings of “the Environment” in the English Planning System”, Davoudi discusses that environment can be seen in various different ways, as local amenity, heritage ,landscape ,nature reserve, as a store house of resources, as a tradable commodity, as a problem, as sustainability and as a risk (Davoudi, 2012). Although, Davoudi’s typology relates to aspects of New Zealand’s environmental management paradigms, it fails to include some important aspects such as indigenous and community inclusion. Davoudi’s (2012) typology can provide for future guidance in the discourse surrounding environment as risk.

Davoudi’s (2012) environmental management typology discusses eight distinct meanings of environment that are incorporated into the planning system of today. The new discourse that is involved with environmental management has meant that the environment is being seen in different ways. And as a result, the meanings attached to the environment have changed substantially over time (Davoudi, 2012). Davoudi (2012) discusses that environmental management is restricted by the limited definitions of the environment, and the onset of climate change and the discourse surrounding it has meant that perceptions of environment have been shaped (Davoudi, 2012). The first definition that is offered is local amenity, which explains that the environment has aesthetic and recreational values associated with it. The next is environment as heritage landscape, which sees the environment as heritage, which different levels of protection associated with aspects of this heritage, such as national parks. Environment as a nature reserve is another definition provided by Davoudi (2012), showing the non-anthropocentric view of nature as preserving non-human species. The next definition she provides is rooted long in human history, and that is seeing the environment as a store house of resources that can be exploited for economic gain. Related to this is her definition of seeing the environment as a tradable commodity, treating resources as assets, which drove the economic approaches of sustainable development. Reports released in the 1960’s and 70 have helped support her next meaning, which is seeing the environment as a problem for which a solution must be found. The next meaning is rather new in the field of environmental management and that is seeing the environment as sustainability. This is related to the release of the brundtland report in 1987 with its definition of sustainable development. The last definition is seeing the environment as a risk, related to mitigation and adaption and is based around discourse on climate change. This definition has been the basis of natural hazard and climate change...

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