The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is a sub-Saharan African nation that has suffered through 32 years of totalitarian rule followed by coups and ongoing political turmoil (Zapata, 2011). Since February 2013 the Congolese government has been in talks with the largest rebel group M23 (The world factbook). Ongoing turbulence related to armed conflict has led to significant misplacement of the population and an increased death rate.
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2011 (million US$) was 16,069 and the GDP per capital (current US$) was 237.0. The DRC has a population growth rate of 2.6% nationally with an urban population growth of 4.2% and a rural population growth rate of 1.8%. In 2012 the urban population was 34.8% of the national population with 45.8% of the national population falling into the 0-14 year old age group; those aged 60 years or older (F/M %) are 4.6/3.8 for the same time frame. Additionally, the life expectancy at birth for women is 50.6 years and for men it is 47.3 years with an infant mortality rate of 109.5 per 1000 births. The fertility rate is 5.5 live births per female with a contraceptives rate of only 20.6% in the 15-49 year old age group (Democratic Republic of Congo). The incidence of HIV/AIDS greatly impacts the population statistics and is incorporated into them (The world factbook). Difficult lives with armed conflict, AIDS and high infant mortality rates lead to shortened lives and a slow population growth.
The DRC has a large workforce however much of the employment involves children and substandard working conditions. Most Congolese work in agriculture and the average income is insufficient to adequately support a family, therefore requiring support by the extended family. Child labor is often the only way a child or the family can obtain money for food. Nothing is done at the labor union or the government level to quell this practice (Congo, Democratic Republic of The - Working conditions). Children in the workplace, especially in the agricultural area are hard-pressed to be able to attend school in order to have better lives than their parents.
Nearly 40% of the population of the DRC resides in urban settings and the urban population growth percentage is 4.2. Refugees and individuals of concern to the United Nations...