Environmental Modifications To Avoid Elderly Falls

948 words - 4 pages

Environmental modifications is a highly recommendable approach which prevents falls and injury’s from occurring. The main approach in this strategy is reducing injury and falls from recognizing and removing environmental hazards. Some hazard reducing modifications consisted of removing extension cords from the base, removing loose mats, and putting in handles on the rampart. Even though this approach is recommendable the effects are not fully established. In this clause, a written report was conducted to provide evidence to clinics, which bears out the effectiveness of environmental modifications.
The method of providing evidence was reading literature, which was 15 years of age or ...view middle of the document...

Some evidence of these studies came from Stein Bergs who tested people aged 50 and older. This group also had assistance from occupational therapy and recommendations for modifications. The modifications that were used in these people’s homes were hand rails, and non-slip bathrooms. From the intervention, the amounts of falls and injuries have dropped. Then after a year they look at the same group and found a significant drop in slips and falls.
Another community setting study involved Nikolaus and Bach. They focused on the effects of inclusive geriatric assessment combined with assessing the home and training. In this study, there was a follow up on the elderly every three months. Among this group they preferred modifications consisting of grab rails in the bathroom, shower seat, and emergency alarms. In this study because of home modifications, the rate of falls reduced to 31 percent.
They also experimented with multiple strategic approaches in community settings. This is because multiple strategies tend to work better with patients of risk to falling. To prove this theory Day et al. experimented the effectiveness of exercise, vision improvement in fall prevention and home hazard management. In this experiment the involvement group received a modification of vision impairment, isometric, household hazard alteration together and separated. During the intervention, a checklist was used for hazardous room conditions that were used daily by patients. After the conditions were checked such as floor surfaces, lighting, furniture and bathroom fixtures they were removed and modified. As a result of mixing strategies it reduced the amount of falls greatly.
Another experiment was done by Close et al. which involved a medical and occupational therapy valuation with recommendations for related services. During this study, a checklist from occupational therapy was used for an environmental and functional assessment. In addition, occupational therapist provided the intervention...

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