Environmental Policy Of The European Union

3083 words - 12 pages

The EU on the environmental path
The European Union (EU) is a local political and economic union between 28 member-states. However, apart from its domestic political significance it is also considered as an important international actor, which participates in the ongoing debates concerned with number of issues. These issues go beyond traditional security and economic threats along with questions posed to the members of such international organizations as the United Nations (UN). Thus, apart from negotiation or evaluation of traditional threats, such matters as environmental problems, poverty, illiteracy ect. became an important part of global and international political agenda. As a result of increasing public concern and awareness of the ecological problems, the “politicization” of environmental agenda impacted on creation of number of international and regional resolutions to be involved into daily politics of states.
The EU ratified the UN treaties on the environmental protection and adopted its own regulations to comply with them and consequently create its own environmental policies. In other words, the main aim of the EU was to become a global leader in advancing this field. Thus, in 1980s there was an increasing wave of environmentalism, with inclusion of “green” parties to the empowered European Parliament (Hey 2005, 22), along with increased interest in completion of the single market agenda in Europe (Yesilada and Wood 2010, 43). Thus, enhancing similar environmental standards, increased public access on the agenda-setting process in the EU institutions, and international political trends were the main reasons for environmental direction of the EU politics.
Nevertheless, there existed other issues underlying the great start of the environmental programs and treaties. To be specific, harmonization of trade, production and environmental standards, along with their compliance with international treaty requirements created large debate among member states and their following disagreements with the EU supranational institutions on the matter of homogeneous intra-EU environmental standards. However, at the same time the EU remained as a successful actor in implementation of international treaties. Therefore the following question arises:
What can explain why the EU is more influential as a global environmental actor and not as an intra-EU promoter of high environmental standards?
The proposed hypothesis is that the EU member-states are more successful and prefer to act as independent political units when it comes to comply with the international environmental standards due to the fact that their citizens are not willing to exercise their powers given by elections to such supranational institutions as Parliament. When the matter of intra-EU decision-making occurs, including presence of both supranational and intergovernmental institutions, there are vast disagreements among the member-states with the EU bodies. Therefore,...

Find Another Essay On Environmental Policy of the European Union

The History of the European Monetary Union

3624 words - 14 pages out a plan to introduce the EMU in three stages and it included the creation of institutions like the European System of Central Banks (ESCB), which would become responsible for formulating and implementing monetary policy. (De Grauwe, 2003)All member states of the EU are expected to participate in the EMU. Sixteen members of the European Union have entered the third stage and have adopted the Euro as their currency. (European Commission) The EU

The Tremendous Benefits of the European Union

1687 words - 7 pages of the European Union and its organizations. Since different theories of international relations view political events in vastly different ways, the standard schools of thought (realist, liberalist, and feminist) regarding these international organizations will be specifically examined regarding their opinion on EU developments. The European Union, in uniting the nations of Europe under a regional system of sovereign states, attempts to unify

Contemporary Widening of the European Union

3506 words - 14 pages , such as Hungary and Poland, culminating in Western Germany opening its gates for the mass exodus of Eastern Germans from their territory. With the fall of the Berlin Wall, East and West Germany are reunited once again. This will pivotal for further widening in the future. The Treaty of the European Union is signed in February of 1992 in Maastricht, Netherlands. Under this treaty, guidelines for further integration of European policy for a single

The Impact of European Monetary Union

2107 words - 8 pages . International Journal of Central Banking, 1 (3), 73- 116. Baele, L., Ferrando, A., Horodahl, P., Krylova, E., and Monnet, C. (2004). Measuring financial integration in the Euro area. European Central Bank Occasional Paper No. 12. Honohan, P., and Lane, P. (2003). Divergent inflation rates under EMU. Economic Policy, 18 (37), 357- 394. Lane, P. (2006). The real effects of European monetary union. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 20 (4), 47- 66

Contemporary Benefits of the European Union

1439 words - 6 pages encouraged the idea of European countries banding together, he likened it to ‘a kind of United States of Europe’. However, this view has not always brought enthusiasm, with some fearing the idea of a ‘super state’, loss of sovereignty, spending money/sharing resources where they will not see a return or perhaps due to a lack of faith in the importance of being part of the European Union (EU), hence some countries have still not joined (for example

The European Union extended

4864 words - 19 pages 1973. At the same time, the Communities took on new tasks and introduced new social, regional and environmental policies. To implement the regional policy, the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) was set up in 1975.In the early 1970s, Community leaders realised that they had to bring their economies into line with one another and that, in the end, what was needed was monetary union. At about the same time, however, the United States decided

The European Union

4598 words - 18 pages Introduction In the course of fifty years, the European Union has expanded from six countries united under economic treaties to a large collective of twenty-five sovereign nations. Maintaining the union within such a large group has grown more difficult as numerous treaties have been drafted to control the governance of the European Union. To reduce the number of treaties in the union, the convention decided to draft a Constitution, which

The European Union

5786 words - 23 pages -called "first-pillar", and adding two further pillars of cooperation, on Common Foreign and Security Policy and on Justice and Home Affairs. At the same time it established Economic and Monetary Union as a formal objective. The Maastricht treaty came into force in 1993. The European Economic Area was founded in 1994 in order to allow EFTA countries to participate in the Single Market without having to join the EU. In 1997, the Treaty

The European Union

935 words - 4 pages government and thereby surrenders a portion of its sovereignty. As member states they have accepted to open their borders completely to travel and trade coming from within the Union. The majority of the member states have adopted a single currency that is managed and issued by the Central Bank of Europe. The Bank also manages monetary policy for these states. International trade guidelines for the Union’s members are decided on a European level. These

The European Monetary Union

602 words - 2 pages The European Monetary Union The European Monetary Union (EMU) serves as an economic necessity, a complement to the European single market, which is the free movement of people, goods, services, and capital within the European Union (EU). The Euro, a single currency created under ideals of the Maastricht Treaty, will strengthen European unity and constitute as a factor for stability, peace, and prosperity for all member states as well as

The European Union

2088 words - 8 pages The European Union Advantages of UK membership to the European Union cover many fields from the businesses in the UK to British consumers and students. Membership benefits UK businesses because it makes trade between member states quicker and cheaper. This is because the EU is a customs union/ single market. This means that a business in the UK can export its goods and services to other EU member states and those goods

Similar Essays

Political Economy Of The European Union: Outline The Major Features Of The Common Agricultural Policy As It Currently Operates. Consider The Problems Posed For The Policy By The Enlargement.

878 words - 4 pages several times and with difficulty. The reason of the creation of the CAP was both economic and political. It was basically to encourage farmers to produce more food after the World War II (WWII) shortages, to stabilise the European Union (EU) agriculture market, guarantee EU farmers a market for their produce and guarantee level of comfort for agricultural community. Reasonable price for customers was also an objective. In the 1970s and 1980s, the

Trade Protection In Agriculture By European Union And The United States Results In Gains For Some And Loss For Others. Evaluate The Impact Of Us Farm Policy Or Eu Common Agriculture Policy On...

2328 words - 9 pages Question 2Trade protection in agriculture by European Union and the United States results in gains for some and loss for others. Evaluate the impact of US Farm Policy or EU Common Agriculture Policy on developing countries.The European Union (EU) is the agricultural leader among developed countries in international trade. It is well-known as a world's major food exporter. In 2010, for example, its agricultural exports, mainly processed foods

Enlargement Of The European Union Essay

2723 words - 11 pages The intention of this paper is to identify the advantages and disadvantages for both Central and Eastern European countries (CEECs) and the European Union, when the CEECs eventually join the EU. This will be done by first introducing the subject through a brief background concerning past enlargements of the Union, and will continue by outlining the countries that have been accepted as candidates. Moving on, the various criteria for accession

The Success Of The European Union

1715 words - 7 pages Independence Party whose main policy is to withdraw from the EU; the European Political Union is a very controversial issue within the UK and support for the EU is the lowest as well as the UK, within Hungary and Latvia. The single European act was the first major revision of the Treaty of Rome. The objectives for the treaty was to form a single European market by 31st December 1992, the treaty came into effect under the declors commission. European