Environmental Psychology Paper

1096 words - 4 pages

Environmental PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 8
Running Head: ENVIRONMENTAL PSYCHOLOGYEnvironmental PsychologySandra LattinPSY/460Dr. Michael McKellipUniversity of PheonixEnvironmental Psychology PaperEnvironmental psychology constitutes an area of study that encompasses the interaction between the independent variables of people and the environment. More specifically, environmental psychology is "…a behavioral science that investigates, with an eye toward enhancing, the interrelationships between the physical environment and human behavior" (Veitch & Arkkelin, 1995, p. 4). Almost a decade ago, Kurt Lewis hypothesized that a basic equation could help explain the interaction that occurs between the environment, people, and behavior. This equation, B=f (P,E = f {B = f [P,E]…}), essentially suggests that behavior is simply a function of the person and his or her environment (1995). For more perspective, it is necessary to examine the theoretical frameworks associated with environmental psychology, along with the importance of research within the field to convey a more comprehensive understanding.Theoretical Approaches to Environmental PsychologyEnvironmental psychology uses many varying perspectives of human psychology to explain the interactions between environment, experience, and behavior. In addition, many of the theories employ principles borrowed from the fields of anthropology, sociology, urban, planning, psychology, architecture, physiology, and biology (Veitch & Arkkelin, 1995). The following two theoretical viewpoints, arousal and stimulus load theories, borrow from numerous disciplines to hypothesize about the relationship connecting arousal/stimuli and performance.Arousal theories suggest an inverted U-shaped relationship exists between arousal and performance - as arousal increases, so does performance - but only until a certain point (Veitch & Arkkelin, 1995). If arousal reaches excessive levels (or levels too low), the opposite occurs and performance decreases. This relationship is consistent with other indications that suggest humans tend to seek out intermediate levels of stimulation (1995). In relation to environmental psychology, the arousal theory is used to explain how intermediate levels of arousal are optimal for noise level, neurological stimulation, invasion of personal space, and physiological responses. In addition, there are several consistencies that are apparent with respect to arousal: 1) changes in arousal are associated with changes in environment; 2) both pleasant and unpleasant stimulation increases arousal; 3) changes in arousal cause people to seek information regarding his or her internal state; and 4) moderate levels of arousal are commonly evaluated positively. Finally, a vast amount of energy is used as individuals attempt to control the environment at a level of moderate stimulation (1995). Also according to Stewart (2007), cultures tend to develop in environments with intermediate...

Find Another Essay On Environmental Psychology Paper

Environmental Psychology Article Analysis

864 words - 3 pages Environmental Psychology Article Analysis Environmental psychology is concern with real problems that occurs from the environment that affects the quality of human’s and other living species life. Research applies that the environment and human’s are unite as one and both depends on one another to stabilize the earth. The environment influences the individual’s behavior, mood, emotions, motivation, or psychological processes to either adapt

What is Environmental Psychology Essay

854 words - 3 pages Running Head: ENVIRONMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY PAGE 1 Environmental Psychology PaperPSY/460 - Environmental PsychologyFinding its origins in architectural psychology, environmental psychology is concerned with the relationship between human beings and their surroundings. In a campaign to improve mental hospitals nearly fifty years ago, architects turned to psychologists for help with understanding the cognitive and social behaviors of human beings and

A review of ‘Risk perceptions, general environmental beliefs, and willingness to address climate change’

1935 words - 8 pages A review of 'Risk perceptions, general environmental beliefs, and willingness to address climate change'.Q1: How is the paper positioned in [Environmental psychology] and the general social science literature?The research report entitled 'Risk perceptions, general environmental beliefs, and willingness to address climate change' was published by R. E O'Connor and colleagues in 1999. In this study, O'Connor et al. attempt a novel exploration of

Cognitive Psychology

2243 words - 9 pages revolution” of the 1960’s, lead by the work of those such as Piaget and Chomsky. Prior to this revolution, behaviourism (the study of cause and effect; environmental factors and their effect upon behaviour) was considered to be the dominant school of thought in psychology; however cognitivism soon emerged as the new dominant perspective. (“The History & Scope of Psychology”). It was in the 1967 publication of Cognitive

An analysis to investigate the extent of the influence of environmental and genetic factors on intelligence

1281 words - 5 pages ability.Neisser et al.(1996) stated that some social and biological variables have some influences on intelligence. People vary from one another in their intelligences. What causes this variation? Mostly genetic factors or mostly environmental factors or both in equal weight? The proportion of influence on intelligence can be explained by IQ studies which will be discussed in further analysis. This paper aims to research the extent of the influence

Talks about teratogens which are agents responsible for many known birth defects

961 words - 4 pages To put a definition plainly, teratogens are agents responsible for many known birth defects. Research found suggests over eight hundred known teratogens. In this paper, you will find interesting facts based on research, the relationship between teratogens and developmental psychology and some personal views based on the information and research found for this piece.Teratogens are easily classified in three different groups, these being drugs

Factors Shaping Recycling Habits

2543 words - 10 pages . & Mainieri, T. (1995). Who recycles and when? A review of personal and situational factors. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 15, 105-121. Spash, C. (1997). Ethics and environmental attitudes with implications for economic valuation. Journal of Environmental Management, 50, 403-416. Steel, B. (1996). Thinking globally and acting locally?: Environmental attitudes, behavior and activism. Journal of Environmental Management, 47, 27-36. Wilson, M., Daly, M., Gordon, S. & Pratt, A. (1996). Sex differences in valuations of the environment? Population and Environment, 18, 143-157.

The Evolution of Cognitive Psychology

2073 words - 8 pages , neuroscience and linguistics form parts of cognitive science (Robinson-Riegler, & Robinson-Riegler, 2008). The behavioral perception is that if psychology is to be a science, then it must focus on events that directly observe behavior, oppose to the mental life. The behavioral primary perspective maintains the importance of observing behavior and its connection to environmental events. The behavioral perspective is through

The Interrelationship among Self, Others, and Environment

1171 words - 5 pages individuals influence one another within the social world involve persuasion, obedience, conformity, and group dynamics. Social psychologists keep at the forefront of their study the interrelationships that exist among self, others, and the environments with regard to the development of one’s behavior, emotions, perceptions, and relationships with others. My paper will provide a definition of social psychology and brief overview of the systematic

The Nature Versus Nurture Debate

859 words - 3 pages versus nurture debate is one of the oldest issues in psychology. The debate centers on the relative contributions of genetic inheritance and environmental factors to human development.” - (Kendra Cherry). So far the evidence collected from years of research and data suggests a resolution of equal importance between the two factors as fifty/fifty. In the debate of nature v nurture there are people who take the position that all or most

The Effect Sports Psychology has on a Young Athlete

3874 words - 15 pages 1To fully understand sport psychology, we must ask ourselves two very importantquestions, first, what is sport psychology and second, who is it for? Put in the most sim-ple way, sport psychology can be an example of psychological knowledge, principles, ormethods applied to the world of sport. 'Two psychologists, Bunker and Maguire, saysport psychology is not for psychologists, but is for sport and its participants.' (Murphy &White, 1978:2

Similar Essays

Environmental Psychology Essay

920 words - 4 pages The environment affects everything a person does. The environment has different affects on people from the environment a person can see changes in our emotions, body temperature causing some to be frustrated. Environmental psychology is "a behavioral science that investigates, with an eye toward enhancing, the interrelationships between the physical environment and human behavior (Veitch & Arkkelin, 1995, p. 4)." This paper will investigate

Environmental Psychology Article Analysis

1041 words - 4 pages Analysis PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 1 Running Head: ENVIRONMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY ARTICLE ANALYSISEnvironmental Psychology Article AnalysisSandra LattinPSY460 Environmental PsychologyUniversity of PhoenixEnvironmental Psychology Article AnalysisAs organizations strive to identify their market's culture and structure, survive mergers and alliances, and remain competitive, change is inevitable. Change is bound to occur, but how and why it takes place is the

Environmental Psychology Essay

1634 words - 7 pages differences between the different classifications of psychology, they are interrelated and frequently overlap. I will mainly be focusing on Environmental Psychology and Phobias although I will touch on other aspects of psychology. Many of the theories in social psychology can fundamentally be classified as balanced theories. "These relate to the problem, of both practical and theoretical importance," of how and why people change their

Environmental Psychology Essay

747 words - 3 pages Running head: ENVIRONMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY PAGE 1 PAGE 4 Environmental PsychologyAlmost fifty years ago, it was discovered that architects wanted to provide a better environment for mental patients, and to do this they turned to psychologists for direction. Meeting with psychologists, architects found that learning and better understanding the cognitive and social behaviors of humans and how this would help them build a better structure around