Environmental Stressors Essay

1937 words - 8 pages

Environmental Stressors
When people are not content with their circumstances, they can adapt by either adjusting to or altering their living environment to make it more pleasant. However, this trait of flexibility meets daily challenges involving external forces, such as crime, war, natural catastrophes, or developments in technology, in addition to internal forces, such as seeking greater material goods. When these forces combine to threaten adaptability in humans, it is commonly known as stress (Veitch & Arkkelin, 1995). To deal with stress, one must first understand what it entails. By understanding the concept of stress as well as the physiology and psychology of it, one may identify atmospheric environmental stressors and strategize ways to manage said stressors.
Considering the effect of stress on human functioning may be an effective way to understand the relationship between behavior and environment; it can help one begin to identify the environmental qualities that interfere with human functioning (Evans & Cohen, 1987). Most researchers agree that the concept of stress is “a state that occurs when people are faced with demands from the environment that requires them to change in some way” (Vetch & Arkkelin, 1995, p. 118). However, it is unclear whether that demand is stress or if stress is a person’s response to the demand. Therefore, there are several theoretical perspectives regarding the concept of stress. Below are just two of the theoretical perspectives (Veitch & Arkkelin, 1995).
Some theorists believe in a response-based explanation. According to them, stress is a change in the amount or force of a particular human reaction such as blood pressure, heart rate, anxiety, or loss of control. By this definition, one may say that a person is experiencing stress when his or her heart rate begins to increase rapidly. The problem with this response-based approach is that an increasing heart rate as well as other immediate responses can also be a response to completely different stimuli than stress, such as when a person is simply exercising (Veitch & Arkkelin, 1995).
Other theorists emphasize the impact of environmental events on human functioning. These events can include major changes in an individual’s life or simply the noise level and air quality surrounding one at a particular moment; in other words, anything that may have an influence on one’s responses after either prolonged exposure or immediately. According to these theorists, an example of a stressful environment may be one with a very high noise level. However, this approach does not consider individual preference; some people can study while listening to music whereas others prefer to be in complete silence. It also does not consider the context of the environmental event; loud noise levels, such as music, can be enjoyable at a party, but stressful while trying to watch television (Veitch & Arkkelin, 1995).
Although the exact definition of stress has yet...

Find Another Essay On Environmental Stressors

Understanding Stress Essay

1611 words - 6 pages According to Medline Plus, a service of the U.S. National Library of Medicine and part of the U.S Department of Health and Human Services defines stress as “an organism's total response to environmental demands or pressures”. While people may experience the feeling of stress differently, it has been proven that everyone, at one time or another, will experience the mental and physical impact of stress first hand. It has been proven that stress in

Types of stress Essay

1112 words - 5 pages out as “stressors” and stress is the cause of the worn out tissue of our body (Meenakshisundaram, 2012, p.101). Stress can be divided into four types which are eustress, acute stress, episodic acute stress and chronic stress (illustrated in Figure 1). The first type of stress is eustress which is a positive stress. Positive stress may enhance the good feelings of stressors. According to Meenakshisundaram (2012), eustress is an interesting stress

Stress Induced Reactions at the Cellular Level

1119 words - 5 pages these environmental stressors. With only a limited amount of molecular components to work with, cells have devised ways in order to interact proteins to cope with them. There have been many studies conducted on how these molecules interact in different species of yeast. In yeast they have discovered hundreds of different genes that are responsible for responses to environmental stressors. These different genes are induced or expressed

The Causes of Stress Among Police Officers

1090 words - 4 pages stressful because a situation can change at any time. An FBI report shows that approximately twelve out of every one hundred or 60,000 police officers are assaulted each year (Stevens, p. 587). Combined with many other factors, Stress is defined as “the wear and tear our bodies and minds experience as we react to physiological, psychological and environmental changes throughout our lives” (Stevens). Hans Selye, the researcher who coined

Finding Stress Relief in the Ocean: Literature and Pop Culture

1756 words - 7 pages No life is without stressors of physical, biological, and environmental origins. Each stressor has a unique affect on an individual, but most people can handle these affects in moderation. However, when stressors become intense or compound upon each other, they can cripple individuals. To prevent such debilitation, people must find temporary escapes from the pressures they normally face. Among many forms of release, the ocean can act as both

Aetiologies of Schizophrenia

935 words - 4 pages grows due to the influence of an external event. The diathesis-stress argument comprises of a pre-disposition to Schizophrenia that is catalysed by environmental stressors. For instance, a person will have the potential to develop Schizophrenia as they have genetically inherited the diathesis of Schizophrenia - this will only develop in to Schizophrenia if an environmental stressor, such as childhood trauma, activates the disorder.The diathesis


1893 words - 8 pages Stress is a common yet often misunderstood, word in modern society. Psychologists have recently begun exploring the reasons why stress manifests differently, depending on the relationship between the person and the environment. The physiological and psychological affects stress can induce and the affects of environmental stressors, such as light, wind, and temperature are important concepts for psychologists to be aware of. To understand how


1368 words - 5 pages operating overload on previous stage. 2/ Stressors: the causes of stress, including any environmental conditions that place a physical or emotional demand on a person. (3) •     Physical environment stressor: found in physical working environment such as : excessive noise, poor lighting, safety hazards… •     Role-related stressor: includes conditions where employees have difficulty

Psychological Factors of Stress

1243 words - 5 pages introduced by Lazarus and Folkman in 1984 where they describe stress as “a two way process; it involves the production of stressors by the external environment, and the response of an individual subjected to these stressors” (Lazarus and Folman, 1984). They describe stress as a two way process; the environmental stressors and a person’s way of dealing with the stressors. Cognitive appraisal is a mental process and is characterised in

Diet and Stress: How Do What We Eat and Drink Affect Our Stress Level?

1229 words - 5 pages stressors, such as catastrophes, daily hassles, and blah . Adequate stress can benefit people by providing them sufficient energy to respond quickly to and survive from stressful stimuli. However, too much stress can sabotage people’s life in various ways. Short-term stress like nausea and speeding heart rate before a presentation, tension during a fight with others might impair brain cells and cause damage to learning and memory, while chronic stress

Technology and Stress: An Article Review - MGT 331: Organizational Behavior - analyze internet article on technology and stress, discuss organization's approach to stress

680 words - 3 pages American company with 50 employees almost $40,000 a year (Technology, 1999).As an environmental, health and safety engineer, my role includes recognizing the different stressors within the organization and providing guidance for recommendations or solutions. I have experienced some level of stress with potentially lost documents or databases in the past. A prime example was the training and safety database that was populated with over 200 employee

Similar Essays

Environmental Stressors Essay

1828 words - 7 pages brings the individual back into equilibrium within his or her environment; an individual exposed to a stressor attempts to prevent, avoid, or control emotional stress (Veitch & Arkkelin, 1995).Atmospheric environmental stressorsThe atmospheric environmental stressors to be discussed are the quality of air, severe weather, and temperature and how they have an affect on humans. Stress is often unavoidable and most people experience stress at

Research Into Environmental Stressors On Aggressive Behaviour

1256 words - 5 pages Research into Environmental Stressors on Aggressive Behaviour The two environmental stressors I have chosen to discuss are temperature and over-crowding. A theory that best describes environmental stressors on aggressive behaviour is the negative affect escape (NAE) theory; this claims that when the unpleasant stimuli increases so does the negative affect (the mood) and this leads to an increase of aggressive

Stress At Work Place And How To Manage It

1630 words - 7 pages limit an individual from controlling tasks or the pace of work. Sales, production and service jobs exhibit high stress levels because of their lack of work control (2). The final group of work stressors consists of organizational and environmental stressors. Factors such as high noise levels and poor safety standards raise stress levels among employees. Moreover, structural changes, downsizing and decisions which threaten job security also

Neuman Systems Model Essay

745 words - 3 pages The Neuman Systems Model was developed by Betty Neuman in an effort to teach an introductory nursing course to students. The model’s focus is on the wellness of the patient, known as the client, relative to environmental stressors and the reactions to those stressors (Fawcett, 2001). The main goal of the model is stress reduction. The model explains how humans are interrelated products built from physiological, psychological, sociocultural