Enzymes Enhances The Digestive System Essay

622 words - 3 pages

The ideal purpose of the gastrointestinal or digestive system is to take the immense bolus’ of food made of lipids, carbohydrates, and protein and dissect them into particles tiny enough so that they can be consumed into the cardiovascular system of the body where the body can deploy on the the substances necessary for health and progression in the body. The way these bolus’ of food are dissected is by a process called mastication and the chemical changes of the gastrointestinal system and it’s enzymes. Enzymes are also known as proteins, and they are responsible for bringing about the responses in the body.
Enzymes enhance the speed of the responses in the body without being devoured by the body’s responses. Proteins or enzymes of the gastrointestinal system bring about the change of carbohydrates into two different categories of sugars known as monosaccharides and disaccharides, proteins transform into amino acids known as pepsin, and lipids are converted into fatty acids and glycerol. All of the enzymes within the digestive system have roles and functions that are very particular. There is an enzyme specifically for lipids, proteins, and carbohydrates, they do not share the same enzymes. The enzyme particularly for carbohydrates is called amylase. Amylase is an enzyme made in the pancreas that helps in the decomposition of carbohydrates. Lipase is an enzyme made solely for the decomposition of lipids or fatty acids. Neither of these enzymes would affect protein or the substrate it is not designated too.
There are some other key facts related to enzymes and what it takes to breakdown the food and that is temperature and PH. For best results and responses the body must be at its normal body temperature of 98.6 degrees. At this temperature the enzymes are able to function a lot more effectively. Because...

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