This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Ephedra Debate Essay

1948 words - 8 pages

Ephedra Based Supplements: Effective Fat Loss Agents or Dangerous Killers? Introduction Obesity in the United States is a problem of epic proportions. The burden obesity puts on the health care system costs taxpayers $78.5 billion annually and employers another $12 billion (Dixon, 2003). Many citizens will resort to over-the-counter (OTC) supplements or prescription weight loss pills to shed the fat. The most popular OTC fat loss pills are ones containing ephedra.Ephedra has received negative media coverage recently due to the deaths of professional athletes Korey Stringer and Steve Belcher. Both men died in training camps and had bottles of supplements containing the naturally occurring substance ephedra in their lockers. These circumstances have caused the U.S. Congress to review the pros and cons of ephedra use. If Congress concludes that ephedra poses an unnecessary risk to the population, then the sale and use of ephedra will become illegal. The supplements are currently available to anyone who wishes to purchase them. Ephedra is naturally occurring and can be derived from the Ma Haung plant (Dulloo, 2002). The main use for the substance is as a fat loss agent alone or when combined with aspirin and caffeine.The two most popular FDA approved drugs for fat loss are Xenical and Meridia (Read, 2002). Both, like ephedra, have side effects. Xenical works by preventing fat in the gastrointestinal tract from being absorbed by the body (Leung, 2002) and is relatively safe. Meridia functions in a different manner. Meridia reduces caloric intake by suppressing hunger in the user (Leung, 2002).This report will discuss whether the two currently FDA approved fat loss drugs are a better alternative to ephedra, thus justifying Congress? review. Since the outcome of Congress? decision could effect the health of millions of people, all aspects of effectiveness, cost, and safety will be discussed (Dulloo, 2002).Effectiveness The current prescription fat loss medications are quite effective. Subjects taking Xenical during a one year study lost just less than twenty pounds (Leung, 2002). This is caused by the 46.4% to 91.4% effectiveness of the gastrointestinal (GI) lipases inhibitors (Leung, 2002). This prevents the GI tract from metabolizing fat in the diet into a form useable by the body. By preventing dietary fat from being absorbed, Xenical reduces daily caloric intake. When a caloric deficit of 500 kcal per day is induced, users can lose approximately one pound of fat per week (Leung, 2002).Meridia takes a different approach to fat loss than Xenical. Meridia reduces the reuptake of the monoamines serotonin, noradrenaline, and dopamine (Leung, 2002). By blocking the reuptake of the monamines, they continue to circulate in the bloodstream, allowing the user to feel satisfied longer (Leung, 2002). Meridia users lost up to 12.54 pounds in the six month study (Leung, 2002). This is comparable to the twenty pounds lost by the Xenical patients in the year long...

Find Another Essay On Ephedra Debate

When the Bubble Burst Essay

1539 words - 6 pages By the time I arrived state side from my second tour in the Middle East the housing bubble had already burst. I noticed a drastic change in the way that many of my friends and family were living. Several of my friends that worked in real estate had sold their boats and seconds houses. My own stock portfolio had lost a third of its value. My sister and her husband had defaulted on their home mortgage leaving them scrambling for a place to live. I

phase diagram Essay

4456 words - 18 pages Introduction: Chemical equilibrium is a crucial topic in Chemistry. To represent and model equilibrium, the thermodynamic concept of Free energy is usually used. For a multi-component system the Gibbs free energy is a function of Pressure, Temperature and quantity (mass, moles) of each component. If one of these parameters is changed, a state change to a more energetically favorable state will occur. This state has the lowest free energy

Revolutionary Work of Art

1890 words - 8 pages Walter Benjamin emphasizes in his essay, “The Work of Art in the Age of its Technological Reproducibility” that technology used to make an artwork has changed the way it was received, and its “aura”. Aura represents the originality and authenticity of a work of art that has not been reproduced. The Sistine Chapel in the Vatican is an example of a work that has been and truly a beacon of art. It has brought a benefit and enlightenment to the art

Enlightenment Thought in New Zealand Schools

1594 words - 6 pages In this essay I will be looking at how the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment have shaped New Zealand Education. I will also be discussing the perennial tension of local control versus central control of education, and how this has been affected by the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment. The enlightenment was an intellectual movement, which beginnings of were marked by the Glorious Revolution in Britain

Psychological Egoism Theory

2240 words - 9 pages The theory of psychological egoism is indeed plausible. The meaning of plausible in the context of this paper refers to the validity or the conceivability of the theory in question, to explain the nature and motivation of human behavior (Hinman, 2007). Human actions are motivated by the satisfaction obtained after completing a task that they are involved in. For example, Mother Teresa was satisfied by her benevolent actions and

How Celtic Folkore has Influenced My Family

1587 words - 6 pages Every family has a unique background that influences the way they live and interact with other people. My parents, who emigrated from Ireland to the States with my three brothers in 1989, brought over their own Celtic folklore and traditions that have helped shaped the way our family operates and lives. One aspect of folklore that has helped shape my family dynamic is the Celtic cross—both its background and what role it has played in our lives

Julia Margaret Cameron

1406 words - 6 pages her short ten year career. From the time Julia Margaret Cameron's photographs were first exhibited in 1864, her works have aroused admiration and debate. Many were quick to praise her penetrating portraits of "famous men and fair women,' to use Virginia Woolf's phrase, while others criticized Cameron for her radical departure from traditional photographic technique (Wolf 7). She almost immediately found her own style when it came to

Evaluation of School Improvement

1403 words - 6 pages The evaluation process should be progressive to incorporate overall planning, implement changes, which contribute to success. In order to focus on school climate and norms, the evaluation design must include the students, instructions, and outcomes to improve communication and building-level concerns to be address in this response. School Climate and Social Norms The school principal, other staff leaders, and personnel set the tone and the

Case Study: The Benefits of Animal Testing

1757 words - 7 pages Nine year old Amy has already had a rough start in life. She was born with an abnormal heart that hinders her everyday activities. Amy is unable to keep up with kids her own age because she often tires out easily. As a consequence, she has very little friends and is often alone. Amy is forced to take different medications everyday just to survive. Amy’s life consists of medicine, doctors, and constant hospital visits. However, Amy is due for a

Myth and Magic: Realism in "One Hundred Years of Solitude"

1531 words - 6 pages “He enjoyed his grandmother's unique way of telling stories. No matter how fantastic or improbable her statements, she always delivered them as if they were the irrefutable truth” (Wikipedia, 2011). Experiences are particular instances of one personally encountering or undergoing something and in these moments of time life changes for the best or the worst and memories are formed. These recollections such as riding your first bicycle, going to

Adiponectin: a Novel Indicator of Malnutrition and Inflammation in Hemodialysis Patients

2384 words - 10 pages Objective Protein-Energy malnutrition (PEM) and inflammation are common and overlapping conditions in hemodialysis patients which are associated with increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Adiponectin is an adipocytokine which is exclusively produced by adipose tissue. Few studies in hemodialysis patients have demonstrated that serum levels of adiponectin were significantly higher in malnourished patients compared to well-nourished ones. The

Similar Essays

Research Paper On The Dietary Supplement Ephedra

2084 words - 8 pages ... Dr. Joshua Perper, the medical examiner who autopsied Bechler, used the right-hander's death to call for a crusade. After finding a weight-loss supplement in Bechler's stomach, Perper held a press conference and urged Major League Baseball to ban ephedra, a controversial herb found in the supplement that is similar to amphetamines" (Time, pg.60).There are many players and owners who still debate on whether ephedra should be banned or not. "Many

The Wrong Diets Essay

2169 words - 9 pages the ingredients used in the product. A major ingredient that caused these problems was called ephedra. This ingredient was a major ingredient that was used to make diet supplements. The Food and Drug Administration soon regulated and banned all diet products over the counter that had the ingredient ephedra in them. Many people can misunderstand the drugs when on the product label it says “all natural”, that doesn’t mean it is necessarily safe

The History Of Performance Enhancement Essay

2302 words - 10 pages studies we have to fall back on over this matter have came from studies solely performed on rats, Which have have inconceivably less mental capacity to control aggression when compared to human counterparts. Caffeine, ephedra, as well as many other stimulants/supplements shown equal or higher levels of aggression is rodent based studies, but in no circumstance do we put coffee on trial to bare the burden of blame for outbursts/personality flaws

Research Project: The Sociology Of A Healthy Lifestyle

6083 words - 24 pages ephedra, an ingredient in weight-loss supplements that has been linked to cases of seizures, heart attacks and death, according to the American Medical Association." Regulation processes are still under debate in the U.S. Food and Drug Administration; the argument is that diet supplements such as food are entirely different form prescription drugs, and do not need the long process of testing like drugs.Other Trends:We mentioned the "aging