Epidemiology Of Smoking Essay

769 words - 4 pages

Smoking is the number one preventable risk and cause of disease and death. Tobacco kills more people than car crashes, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), and alcohol, drugs, suicides and murders combined, and effects smokers and nonsmokers alike. A nonsmoker on average lives 13 to 14 years longer than a smoker does. Although we have made strides in reducing the prevalence of smoking in the country, it is still an important problem that continues to cause morbidity and mortality. Secondhand smoke exposure also affects nonsmokers and causes lung cancer. When children are exposed to environmental tobacco smoke, mostly in the predominant location of the home, smoking increases their ...view middle of the document...

Smoking costs $1.31 billion dollars in health care costs annually in Colorado alone. Productivity losses from smoking are $1.05 billion dollars, and the amount per household that the state and federal taxes pay for smoking-caused government expenditures is $570.
Smoking is the major cause of cancers such as lung, stomach, esophagus, mouth, larynx, and throat cancers to name a few. Cigarette smoking also affects the major organs in the body such as the heart, blood vessels, lungs, digestive organs, and bones, while also causing the chronic diseases of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), bronchitis, atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease (CHD) that can lead to heart attacks and heart failure, and peripheral arterial disease (PAD) that can increase the risk to strokes, increased cholesterol levels, high blood pressure, and obesity.
Interventions for smoking are performed at the primary, secondary, and tertiary levels. Primary interventions can be more focused on population-based health interventions such as middle school and high school students to abstain from even trying smoking. Implementing a smoking resistance program for this age group would hopefully help to curb the incidence of new smokers. Secondary interventions should focus on reducing the rate of current smokers and changing the behaviors of target groups of high school and college students by educating with...

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