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Epigenetics As A Scientific Revolution Via Analysis Of Theory Literature. Example: Kuhn

5302 words - 21 pages

Lauren TullyDavid MorganWhat is Science?"The difference between genetics and epigenetics can probably be compared to the difference between writing and reading a book. Once a book is written, the text (the genes or DNA: stored information) will be the same in all the copies distributed to the interested audience. However, each individual reader of a given book may interpret the story slightly differently, with varying emotions and projections as they continue to unfold the chapters. In a very similar manner, epigenetics would allow different interpretations of a fixed template (the book or genetic code) and result in different read-outs, dependent upon the variable conditions under which this template is interrogated."-Thomas Jenuwein (Vienna, Austria)A scientific revolution can never be defined as a specific point in time by a specific person. There rarely is that "eureka" moment in an isolated setting where a thinker finally realizes the moment of "truth"; rather a series of changes led by the ideas of many people behind theories and experiments. In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, a new way of thinking was born from the Scientific Revolution. It was a significant time in which many people turned away from the church and looked towards logic and reason for the answers to questions about life, death, and the universe. The claimed "Scientific Revolution" was the key to new ideas and it allowed many scientists such as Charles Darwin and Gregor Mendel to continue thinking and striving for the truth as other scientists, such as Galileo and Newton, had done before them. It was clear that logic and reasoning was becoming more popular than faith. (3)The Scientific Revolution was well underway before Darwin was even born, but it was his studies, which allowed us to conclude "the world is governed entirely by natural forces, including the struggle for existence in which the fittest members of a varying population survive, reproduce, and pass on their traits to the next generation." Beyond Darwin there were historical paradigm shifts away from spontaneous generation, or the favored religious theory concerning biology. Mendellian inheritance was not recognized fully at the time of its publication however when it was "rediscovered" the concepts of what we look at as modern genetics started to emerge in scientific literature. After some time more and more anomalies emerged, leaving less room for questions of faith and more answers that pointed to modern genetics. Well into the 1900's the idea of genes controlling our bodies like a road map dominated genetics, the idea that DNA is transcribed into RNA, which was the message to create a specific protein in a specific amount, and this wholly resulted in our behavior. This idea was called Central Dogma, the way things worked from a microscopic to a macroscopic scale. It wasn't until fairly recently that this idea has been challenged by a force that could be called a paradigm shift, a revolution:...

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