What is Epilepsy?
Epilepsy is a neurological disorder that affects the brain causing people to have seizures. A seizure is a big disruption of electrical communication between neurons, leading to the temporary release of excessive energy in a synchronized form Epilepsy is very unpredictable. Having a seizure disorder doesn't mean that you can only have one type of seizure. People can have many different types of seizures; it can vary on the person. In some cases depending on the type of seizures someone may have they can grow out of them. (“Epilepsy Foundation." What Is Epilepsy? N.p., n.d. Web. 09 May 2014.)
There are many different types of seizures. Each different types of seizure can have different symptoms or signs that the patient could be going to have a seizure. Some symptoms can vary from loss of consciousness to nausea, vomiting. Some of the causes of seizures are lack of oxygen, infections of the brain, high fever, sleep deprivation, etc.
Diagnosing Epilepsy can be a long process with lots of steps to follow. When first going thru the process there will need to be a confirmation of parent history. Then there will be a full neurological exam followed by blood and clinical tests, to make sure it wasn’t some other type of episode such as fainting. Apart from the neurological exam, the EEG is the best tool to diagnosing seizures and epilepsy. Then the doctor will identify the type of seizures and do a clinical evaluation to determine the cause of epilepsy. Now depending on the results they will determine the best type of treatment.
When someone is having a partial seizure they are conscious throughout the whole seizure. They know of their surroundings and remember everything that is happening. Even though they are fully aware of everything, they may not be able to communicate with anyone during the seizure. The reason that partial seizures can happen is because there is abnormal neuronal activity that limits the areas of the brain that affects movement, sensation, and emotion. When having this type of seizure the patient may feel tingling in the face or hand. Other things that they may happen during a partial seizure are hallucinations and also visual distortions. Partial seizures are also called auras because they can be considered as a warning for a big seizure that may be about to happen. First aid for partial seizures is helping the person sit down and move any dangerous items that may hurt them. Do not hold the person down when they are having the seizure instead stay with them until they are fully alert. (VNS Therapy for Epilepsy. Landover, MD: Epilepsy Foundation, 2001. Print.)
In generalized seizures, there is loss of consciousness for either a short period of time or long period of time. There are many types of these seizures; generalized tonic clonic, myoclonic, absence, and atonic. These types of seizures affect the cerebral hemispheres of the brain, which are the...