What if everything that you perceive— people, the world, the universe — was not as it seems? Relativism is the concept that points of view have no absolute truth or validity, having only relative, subjective value according to differences in perception and consideration. Defined narrowly, epistemology is the study of knowledge and justified belief. As the study of knowledge, epistemology is concerned with the following questions: What are the necessary and sufficient conditions of knowledge? What are its sources? What is its structure, and what are its limits ("Epistemology ")?
Epistemic relativism is when the facts used to establish the truth or falsehood of any statement are understood to be relative to the perspective of those proving or falsifying the proposition. While many people scoff at the very idea of epistemic relativism , what they are turning down is a way of thinking that could potentially help solve many of the world's problems by looking at the different perspectives involved. For example, when a boy is given the task of cleaning up his room, he has several options to choose from. However, he choose to shove most of the items in his room either under the bed or in the closet. This most likely because he has weighed out the pros, cons, and risks of each option and chose the one that seemed the most rational to him. It may not have been rational to his mother, but she has a more experiences
and a different thought process to make decisions from when challenged with the same problem. When the mother reprimands the child she must, change the boy's perspective on the option of shoving the items in his room under his bed. If she fails in this, or does not acknowledge this, the child will continue to choose the rational option in his mind until he realizes that the option he has been choosing dose not really complete the task of cleaning the room.
In "Epistemic Risk and Relativism", Wayne Riggs, an associate professor in the Philosophy Department of the University of Oklahoma, claims that there are circumstances in which a range of possible weightings of the two epistemic goals are all equally epistemically rational (4). The author supports his claims by using other references in his paper and their theories in a very easy to understand why. He shows that there is at least a range of possible assignments of the relative importance of the two basic epistemic values, having true beliefs and avoiding errors. One of the circumstances that he outlined was when two boys choose different ways of crossing a creek. He explained the risks, pros, cons, and possible mindsets of the two children that led them to pick their option on crossing the bridge.
Tsai Chin-Chung, a chair professor of the Graduate Institute of Digital Learning and Education of National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, presents, in "The Development Of Epistemic Relativism", "many students who participate in online Peer Assessment (PA) could develop views of...