The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) was initiated in the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The Civil Rights Act was a collection of measures which focused on discrimination in the workplace and the field of education, as well as voting rights and accommodating individuals in public facilities. In the 1960’s the country was filled with discontent and turmoil from the racial segregation and discrimination which was visible in the many peaceful protests that were held in many southern cities which was also viewed by the American public through television. Peaceful demonstrators were faced with police brutality and horrific attacks by police canines, and subsequently, protestors were arrested. This behavior outraged voluminous numbers of American citizens, and the United States Government realized the need for legislation to bring equality to all individuals. From the beginning of its creation, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission has worked tirelessly in order to eradicate discrimination from the workplace. This commitment has contributed in opening new doors and opportunities for employment opportunity for citizens of the United States.
Equal Employment Opportunity Development
The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission was created by Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964; however, its objective has been formed by several articles of legislation. In addition to executive orders, there are many laws and amendments which define and direct both the authority responsibility of this commission. Some of the more important legislation includes Executive Order 10925 signed by the late John F. Kennedy in March 1961 which banned federal government contractors from discriminating on account of race as well as the establishment of the President's Committee on Equal Employment Opportunity (EEOC History: 35th Anniversary: 1965 - 2000, n.d.). Additional important is the Equal Pay Act of 1963. This act was passed to protect both men and women from wage-based discrimination, protecting both males and females who work in the same organization, and perform fundamentally the same work. This was the first civil rights legislation which was directed to discrimination of employees in the workplace.
At the forefront is the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which was enacted to ban discrimination in an extensive collection of conduct encompassing public accommodations, governmental services and education (EEOC History: 35th Anniversary: 1965 - 2000, n.d.). One division, which is known as Title VII, forbids any type of discrimination to an employee or the potential employment because of an individual’s sex, color, race, national origin, and religion. This pertains to privately owned organizations, labor unions and employment agencies (EEOC History: 35th Anniversary: 1965 - 2000, n.d.). It is illegal to discriminate against an individual in staff recruiting, hiring, salaries, tasks or assignments, advancements in the...