United States of America is a country that has justice and a large legal system. People, who are the citizens of the U.S., are not able to be above the law no matter how successful they are. The Preamble states that the government is to “ secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America” (U.S. Constitution 1) The Preamble represents Americans' desire to have a perfect union for themselves under the control of the law. Unfortunately, there are some people that do not conform to the law. For example, in 1972, President Nixon had been involved in the Watergate Scandal. This case is known as United States v. Nixon. President Nixon resigned his job after the Supreme Court made their judgment. This case proves that the equality of American judicial system is fair for everyone. The case of United States v. Nixon is so important because it proves that every U.S. citizens is equal before the law, and nobody is above the law, including the U.S. president.
Since the case of Marbury v. Madison was over, the U.S. Supreme Court
begins to own a new power called “Judicial Review,” which could help the
Supreme court to make sure that the actions or decisions of executive branch
and Congress are constitutional. In the case of United States v. Nixon, President
Nixon was not supposed to eavesdrop the adversary’s stratagems of the
president’s election, so he was charged by the Supreme Court. The chief justice
was Burger, and he reaffirmed that “it is emphatically the province and duty of the judicial department to say what the law is.” The Supreme Court is the superior symbol of the U.S. law, so it has duties to protect the justice that belongs to all American people. Because the justices of the Supreme Court need to be responsible for Americans, the Court ordered President Nixon to give the evidence of voice recordings out, and Nixon did it. Finally, through the whole evidences that justices had, they defined the action that Nixon had done is unconstitutional. The final judgment that the Court made successfully safeguards the justice and equality of the whole United States of America.
After the Supreme Court determined that Nixon is criminal, the U.S. Congress was going to impeach him, so Nixon decided to be the only president to resign the position of the president of the United States to avoid the impeachment by the Congress. The final result of this case embodied that the U.S. if everyone in the United States has done something that violate the Constitution, this person must pay for his violation, and nobody is able to avoid the punishment by the law.
The president of the United States of America has been holding immense executive power and privilege since the Constitution was set up, but it does not mean that the president is able to utilize these powers to do anything that president wants. Landmark Cases of the U.S. Supreme Court...