This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Equality Of Citizens And Non Citizens In The Eu

2575 words - 10 pages

Introduction

The territory of the European Union (EU) hosts roughly 500 million people. Are they all equal in their rights? Definitely not. One of legal dividing lines lies between the nationals of EU Member States (Citizen) and third-country nationals (TCNs) whose citizenship belongs to a non-EU country. Nationality therefore does matter in EU law: it confers different statuses.
The paper compares the two separate legal regimes that are applicable to EU citizens and TCNs respectively. Due to the narrow scope of this essay, the analytical focus adopted here is under four major limitations. First, legal migrants coming from outside the EU constitute several different categories (for instance, economic migration, family reunion or migration of students, pupils, trainees, and volunteers) in EU law, which is even more complex because of privileged TCNs who gain their status from special arrangements between their own country and the EU, furthermore Schengen visa requirements mean additional classification along a different dimension. The essay deals only with non-privileged long-term residents (LTRs) as defined by the Council Directive 2003/109/EC concerning the status of third-country nationals who are long-term residents (LTRs Directive) . Second, both EU citizens’ and LTRs’ rights comprise several dimensions (for example, access to employment, family reunification or social grants) but this study is mainly focused on their entitlements to move and reside within the territory of the EU. Third, the main concern of this paper is restrictions to the previously mentioned rights of both categories of persons. Fourth, the family members neither of Citizens nor TCNs are not part of the main body of this analysis.
Subsequently, the essay compares the scope of the rights conferred upon EU nationals and TCNs who are long-term residents concerning their freedom to move and reside on EU soil. Putting LTRs in contrast to Citizens is justified by their wide range of similarities but citizenship; therefore any difference indentified might be explained by Member States’ anxiety towards the Others . Moreover, LTRs’ integration into the host society is more advanced than any other category of immigrants, which would be a stronger ground for equal treatment. Therefore, comparing the rights, especially the limitations to them, conferred upon these two categories of persons residing in the EU might give some insights about the attitude of EU law towards non-nationals.
Two main argumentations are put forward in this essay. First, although both legal regimes are based on freedom to move and reside, they contain significant limitations that might result in a different outcome in practice than the principle originally implies. Second, these restrictions are more severe in the case of TCNs, which might mean that the underlying logics of the two legal regimes are extremely different, again contrary to the principles proclaimed.
To prove its points, the paper...

Find Another Essay On Equality of Citizens and Non-Citizens in the EU

Overview of the Senior Citizens Demographic in America

1686 words - 7 pages In the United States, after World War II (particularly the period between 1946 and 1964), the birth rate rose due to the excitement of the end of the war and the return of overseas soldiers. This period is notoriously known as the “Baby Boom” and still affects our country today (Unit 3, Greene 36). “Baby boomers” are now reaching the age of retirement where they can begin reaping Social Security benefits and other government aid; this has become

Emergence of Terrorism in Nigeria and its Impacts on the Citizens

842 words - 4 pages and travellers who try to flee. “Eighty-seven bodies were recovered in the bush” (Maiangwa). This portrays the government as one which is not able to adequately protect the lives of the citizens. Food shortage is another effect of terrorism in Nigeria. The Northern part of the country produces a major part of Nigeria’s food. The supply of food from there however has been reduced thereby making available food more expensive which in turn causes

Rights and Resonsibilities of North Korean Citizens

1683 words - 7 pages he stated the Korean War. Shortly after failing to capture South Korea in the Korean War (1950-1953) Il Sung developed his ideology of a seemingly true policy of diplomatic and economic ‘self reliance’, to turn the citizens away from outside influence. For example not letting the citizens of North Korea leave without permission, or freely participating in elections. (CIA.) Kim Il-Sung taught his people that the US was the ultimate threat to its

Royalty and Their Defense of Citizens

1325 words - 5 pages From the time that people drew together, and began relying on one ruler, there were certain standards a king must uphold. Whether it was the stocking, and division of surplus foods, or the partitioning up of land to the nobles, the king was the ultimate word on such matters. The citizens of the land should be able to look to their leaders, during these times, and in times of trouble. It is through epic tales that we are granted a look into the

Citizens United: Limiting the Role of Government

2223 words - 9 pages Citizens United (UC) is a political organization, who favors on to the conservative side. There chief purpose is limit the role of government in our day to day activities. According to their website: Citizens United is an organization dedicated to restoring our government to citizens' control. Through a combination of education, advocacy, and grass roots organization, Citizens United seeks to reassert the traditional American values of

Is Frances "The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of Citizens," more democratic, or liberal? In the classical sense

528 words - 2 pages “The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of Citizens,” written in 18th century, had the intent of giving more freedom to the French citizen, by the French citizen. The declaration passed when King Louis XVI called together, for the first time in 170 years, the Estates-General because of a financial crisis. The Estates-General included members from the church, the nobility, and the Third Estate (the people). Inevitably, the Third

The Misunderstood Citizens of Maycomb County

1645 words - 7 pages . Boo Radley has a very secretive life, mainly because he stayed behind closed doors. Milton says that you learn the most about Boo from the theories of the Maycomb citizens(17). Almost everyone in Maycomb has a different interpretation of Boo Radley. Milton writes: “Miss Crawford, who loves gossip, spreads the tale that Boo Radley roams the neighborhood at night peeping into people’s windows- especially hers. Scout and Jem, early on in the

Citizens and Freedom

1417 words - 6 pages backwards form liberty, and into the darkness of tyranny? Created in 2001, the Patriot Act gave the federal government -specifically the executive branch- much more power. No matter how well-intended the Patriot Act of 2001 is, the measures taken are too far reaching, go beyond the constitution, and destroy the liberties of American citizens. The idea of taking away rights for the ‘collective good’ is not a new idea. Forces have been trying to

Citizens With the Saints

698 words - 3 pages . I instantly felt like I had a special connection with everyone around me. I knew that it was going to be an inspiring week. We were all called upon as one to be “Citizens With the Saints.” The excitement was empowering, as people expressed their faith when they were called to do so. The holy spirit was surrounding everyone and ready to guide us in a week of justice, faith, and discipleship. As I sat in awe, everyone around me was talking

Citizens from France and The Netherlands rejected the Constitutional Treaty in 2005 referenda and Irish citizens rejected the Lisbon treaty in a 2008

1209 words - 5 pages closer to an ever-close union. The treaty was already ratified in number of countries. It was Ireland’s citizens turn to decide on that matter with a referendum. 12th of June 2008, was the very date that Irishmen said ‘no’ to the treaty. Both of those failures of the treaties sent shockwaves all over Europe. Number of articles and official barometer polls looked after the referendum to try to project the main reasons behind the rejections. Certain

The Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizens, 1789

1331 words - 5 pages in the writing of the Declaration of Independence before leaving for France in 1791. However, despite being compiled by members of different groups of society, the declaration was fundamentally a bourgeois document. The clauses contained within the declaration echo closely to the aims of the bourgeois. Equality was a fore front issue, followed by property and a need to establish a taxation system. The enlightenment is an

Similar Essays

Responsibilites Of Us Citizens: Education, Equality, And Selfless Service

1759 words - 7 pages All Americans have rights that are given to them for being American citizens. Children must learn about citizenship to be successful when they are older. Learning about others and their needs broadens one’s view point. The US Constitution was put in place to give everyone equality regardless of race, gender, disability, or social status. The most pressing responsibility that is lacking is sacrifice. Many Americans expect to be given rights

Are Newly Resident Migrant Groups And Non Citizens Entitled To The Minority Rights Protection Recognised By Current International Law?

1592 words - 7 pages individuals among others are not entitled to human rights protection. Human Rights law is founded on a critical, overarching and universal principle, that: “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights….” If rapists, murderers and the like are offered a degree of protection, why then is it so difficult to extend the same courtesy in practice to newly resident migrants and non-citizens? Newly resident migrant groups and non

Declaration Of The Rights Of Men And Of Citizens

1750 words - 7 pages The Declaration of The Rights of Men and Of Citizens - An Analysis in Five PartsEqualityThe Declaration of The Rights of Man and of Citizens begins with a clear stipulation of intrinsic freedom and equality in every man. Equality, therefore, seems to be an appropriate place to begin. The Declaration defines our equality in relation to our rights, such that we are all born with the same entitlements and among them the right to perpetuate such

Citizens As Consumers: Modernism And Convenience In The Twentieth Century

1835 words - 8 pages buildings for monuments, and in another, the main character gets lost in the enormity of an office building, which has hundreds of identical rooms. The film’s climax consists of a traffic circle as a merry-go-round, pointing out the absurdity of traffic jams. In the final scene it is more obvious than ever: in a city we participate in a grand scheme; a dance, a machine. Here, he pokes fun at a theme —the standardization of citizens—that Jean-Luc