Equilibrium And Harmony Is The Core Of The Confucianism

1594 words - 6 pages

Equilibrium and harmony is the core of the ConfucianismIntroductionConfucius (孔夫子,K'ung-fu-tzu or Master K'ung) is great thinker who lived in Spring and Autumn Period (春秋戰國) . He was the founder of School of the Literati (儒家,Ju Chia), one of the six schools of Chinese philosophy(http://www.friesian.com/confuci.htm ). It focuses on human morality and good deeds. Confucianism is a complex system of moral, social, political, philosophical, and quasi-religious thought that has had immeasurable influence upon Asian intellectual and social history.Many scholars often said propriety(禮) and benevolence(仁) constitute the basis of Confucianism, but the propriety and benevolence can be only called the moral standard of the Confucianism and could not be interpenetrated all realms of the system of the Confucianism as a center clue. However Equilibrium and harmony(中和) that contains the idea of yin(陰) and yang(陽) (world outlook), harmony and similar (methodology), the doctrine of the mean (on morality) and Heaven and human being in one (value outlook) has successful effects. Therefore we consider that Equilibrium and harmony as the core of the Confucianism.Equilibrium and harmony is the core of the ConfucianismFrom the early to modern Confucianism, is there a core in it? In other words, is there a consistent line in it? This is a question that the academic community has always been evaded. Some people are trying to use the "Benevolence(仁學)" and "rule by moral example(德治)" and so on to interpret the concept of Confucianism, but most of them failed to do so. Because the core meaning of Confucianism is too abstract to be interpreted (P.J. Ivanhoe, 1993, pp.56). Then, what is the core idea of the Confucianism? The author believes that the core meaning must at least have two conditions: First, it must be the most important thing and the internal soul of the doctrine and customs; Second, it must be the central clue and run through the whole doctrine. According to the two standards above, equilibrium and peace can be recognized as the core meaning of Confucianism. Not only because of its construction of Confucianism's principles and the value of the highest ethical standards, but also because of its meaning and methodology of the universe.Equilibrium and harmony is the highest value principle of the Confucian doctrine. The values doctrine of Confucian may be called the intrinsic value or the supremacy of the moral. Confucius advocated " to hold righteousness to be of highest importance. " (義以為上), that means moral is the highest value (http://www.chinese.dsturgeon.net ). Confucius also insisted "The virtuous rest in virtue; the wise desire virtue. "(仁者安仁,知者利仁.)To some extent, it told the people that there are two different moral practices, one is...

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