Equity In Higher Education Essay

6294 words - 25 pages

Equity in Higher Education

Equity in Higher Education

In the United States, higher education has yielded considerable value to individuals and society. The societal benefits of higher education include knowledge creation, economic well-being and productivity of citizens, and direct expenditures by the institutions, their employees, and their students, which impact local economies. Education has long been an essential foundation of democracy. The extent to which citizens are afforded equal educational opportunity is often considered indicative of a society's power relations. While greater educational attainment has been found to be important to society, historically most attention has been on its implications for the mobility and opportunities afforded to individuals.

The benefits of postsecondary education for individuals include knowledge acquisition, an appreciation for learning and the fine arts, and refinement of social discourse skills. Further, one compelling reasons for college attendance for many is its ability to afford social mobility. Consider the economic benefits: In the United States, educational attainment is strongly correlated with individual earnings, better quality of life, and economic security. In 2003, the typical full-time year-round worker in the United States with a 4-year college degree earned $49,900, 62% more than the $30,800 earned by the typical full-time year-round worker with only a high school diploma (College Board, 2005). Those with master's degrees earned almost twice as much, and those with professional degrees earned over three times as much per year as high school graduates. The gap in earnings between college degree holders and those with only a high school diploma are estimated to result in a gap of more than $1 million over a lifetime.

It is important to understand how higher education also promotes stratification and inequality because of an uneven distribution of educational opportunity. Along with the opportunities inherently tied to higher education attainment, there are also historical and continuing legacies of limited access, opportunity, and stratification. More specifically, opportunities for higher education can vary, and it is important to consider what factors have determined who goes where to college, and why many individuals in America do not attend college.

This chapter explores the relationship between student access and higher education stratification through an examination of major historical developments in higher education and an analysis of trends in U.S. social mobility that have resulted from postsecondary opportunity. This discussion is placed in a larger context of how higher education institutions and programs have changed, including the varying patterns of student enrollment, and considers contemporary and future trends that impact access and participation. These developments and trends will allow us to evaluate how well this system has...

Find Another Essay On Equity in Higher Education

Funding Higher Education in England Essay

2965 words - 12 pages Executive summary This report evaluates the financing for higher education in England which may not be the best economical route. The fundamental dispute is that through the increase of tax, decrease in university expenses and reschedule methods of teaching tuition fee loans can be reduced. By raising the taxes students education will provided with lots help. Moreover it will mean that students won’t be into debts every year. A further way

Role of higher education in rural development

1732 words - 7 pages heart of a good educational system. We don't have equity."Kapil Sibal. The Indian Higher Education system is characterized by a large rural-urban and gender divide. Gross Enrollment Ratio (GER) in rural India is estimatedto be about 7%, while urban areas have a GER of about 23%. India's GER showssignificant variability across regions. Through this study an attempt is made tohighlight the status of higher education in rural areas as well as what

The Need for Higher Education in Brazil

2333 words - 9 pages Subject Line: The Need for Higher Education in Brazil This memo is divided into four sections. With the first three sections being informative regarding the current economic and educational landscape in Brazil and the opportunities for market penetration. The final section is unfortunately constrained given that Laureate is a private company, but we have included a cost analysis created by our analysts. Section I: Introduction Rough

Disparities in Higher Education: Leadership and Gender

3212 words - 13 pages Introduction When Drew Gilpin Faust was selected as the 28th president of Harvard University in February 2007, a flurry of news and opinion articles marked a new era in higher education administration. She was described as “friendly, collaborative, a consensus builder, and a good administrator,” noting a change not just in institutional direction for Harvard, but in leadership style, too (Bornstein 2007, p. 21). In response to the publication

Higher Education in Pakistan vs. the UK

1069 words - 4 pages The state of higher education: Pakistan in comparison with the UK After partition, Pakistan, an independent state came into being in 1947 and inherited a colonial university system, created by the British. The fundamental features of this system during that era were that it was under-financed, bureaucratic, and mediocre and was teaching rather than research oriented. Just then, the country had a poorly educated population and few schools

Black Male Success in Higher Education

2785 words - 11 pages Introduction Over the years there has been a significant decrease in the percentage of African American male success in higher education. Not only does this effect society as a whole, but more importantly this effects the African- American community as well. The high percentage of uneducated African- American males will result in increased crime rate, shortened life span and overall hard life. However this epidemic can be stopped by looking at

Marketing Strategy Implementation in Higher Education

946 words - 4 pages marketing success. The premise of the authors is that by focusing on the factors which influence successful strategic implementation, HEI’s can enhance marketing program success. In addition to highlighting strategic implementation as a marketing success factor, they emphasize the value of a higher education focus in their research. Although this business category has achieved prolific growth in recent years, most marketing research has been

Defining Higher Education in Commodity-based Terms

1676 words - 7 pages Defining Higher Education in Commodity-based Terms Literacy in the context of a computer mediated writing classroom is the basis of many a discussion in English departments across the academic universe. All along the spectrum of opinions, theories, practices and perspectives, there is the general consensus that technology, from the most advanced microchip to a well-sharpened pencil, is useful. From this point, though, begins a

Organization and Administration in Higher Education

1435 words - 6 pages integration that promotes involvement in the decision-making process. Part II-Essay A. The Institute for Higher Education Policy has divided expected outcomes of higher education into two types, social and economic, accruing to both the public and individual ( as cited in Heller, 2004, p. ). Included among public economic benefits were such outcomes as “increased tax revenue, greater productivity and increased workforce flexibility. Private

Alternatives to Outcome Assessment Testing in Higher Education

2137 words - 9 pages assessment. Outcomes assessments are usually employed within the field of higher education to find whether students have achieved success within their program of study. Those using outcomes assessments have attempted to measure the success of a student/s using data such as percentage of student graduation in an allotted time-frame, standardized tests and knowledge tests in specific disciplines (Thornton, 2008). Because there are so many

Financial Issues Article Review – Explaining Increases in Higher Education Costs

1597 words - 6 pages Financial Issues Article Review - Explaining Increases in Higher Education CostsIntroductionSince the late 1970s, annual costs at four-year colleges have risen three times as fast as inflation, and, with savings rates dropping and state aid to higher education being cut, students and their families have been forced to take on ever more debt in order to receive higher education (Surowiecki, 2011). The rapid increases in higher education costs

Similar Essays

Gender Equity In Education Essay

1803 words - 7 pages Gender Equity in Education Gender equity issues in mathematics and science have been the focus of many educators and researchers for years. Women have often been denied an equal education in math and science for many reasons. Parents and teachers must realize this fact and change their habits wherever necessary. Girls must be given the same opportunity as boys from the beginning, particularly in math and science where girls tend to lag

Gender Equity In Education Essay

3313 words - 13 pages being put down and left behind, if you look closer you see that there are areas where boys are left behind as well. So, gender equity is not just a battle for girls, but a struggle to encourage both genders in areas where they need improvement. Even at higher levels of education, girls earn more baccalaureates, and masters degrees then males (Bank, 83, 1999). So, even though some subjects may be male dominated, girls have their areas to excel

Solutions In Higher Education Essay

848 words - 3 pages new objectives. Finally, we will establish assessment practices that provide opportunities for students to self-monitor, rehearse, practice and receive feedback. According to CSHE (2002), there are three objectives of higher education assessment, (1) assessment that guides and encourages effective approaches to learning; (2) assessment that validly and reliably measures the expected outcomes, in particular, the higher-order learning that

Tenure In Higher Education Essay

1212 words - 5 pages without tenure we will return to the days when faculty were dismissed for teaching unpopular opinions. The practice of tenure at most universities seems to come under fire. Some say that tenure is the best interest of the students. (NEA Higher Education)As stated on the NEA website institutions have not been filling tenure-track positions as faculty retire or resign to take another position. Instead we are seeing an increase in the numbers of