This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Ergonomic Ailments And Their Causes Essay

1017 words - 5 pages

1.2 Musculoskeletal Disorders

Moderate static work might produce localized fatigue in the muscle involved and could lead to intolerable pain. As for excessive effort or work (could be static or dynamic) repeated over a period of time could lead to light pain initially and then to intense aches and pains. It is not only involving muscle but could affect joints, tendon, ligament and other tissues. Thus, long lasting and often repeated efforts can lead to damage of joints, ligaments and tendons. These impairments are usually categorized under the term musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). MSDs develop over time; the process evolves gradually with the repeated overuse and lack of recovery. Sudden appearances of injury such as torn ligament or a sprain is not musculoskeletal disorders associated with repetitive work and clearly work related accident.

Other terms generally used apart from MSDs; cumulative trauma disorders, repetitive stress disorders, repetitive stress injury (RSI), overuse injuries and repetitive motion disorder (RMD).

Example of work related musculoskeletal disorders are epicondylitis, tendinitis, tenosynovitis, carpal tunnel syndrome, bursitis thoracic outlet syndrome, prolapsed intervebra disc (PID) and etc.

When a WMSD develops a worker experiences the following:
• Localised fatigue and discomfort (early indicator)
• Swelling, as tissues become irritated
• Pain
• Stiffness and loss of range of motion of
• Inability to work and function at home

MSD Risk factors

The factors that contribute to the risk of MSDs are called risk factors. A risk factor is something that may cause or contribute to an injury. Two or more risk factors can be present at one time, increasing the risk of injury.

The physical risk factors for MSDs are the physical demands of a task, including:

• Force
• Repetition
• Posture
• Local contact stress

The seriousness of the problem is determined by three main characteristics;

• Intensity
• Frequency
• Duration

The phenomenon of MSDs should be treated with great attention because of the consequences involved. Listed below the direct and indirect cost of MSDs:

• Direct cost – medical expenses, compensation for victim and etc
• Indirect cost – loss of production, loss of work man days, replacement cost and etc

Besides that, other consequences of MSDs on the victims must be considered also. Such as physical and mental suffering, loss of quality of life, temporary and permanent limitation in work and daily routine activities, financial problem, relationship problems, difficulties in social life and many more. These consequences have been overlooked.

As for Malaysia scenario of MSDs, there has been increase of reported cases of MSDs. Figure below shows the distribution of total number of cases of MSDs reported to Social Security Organization (SOCSO) of Malaysia from year 1995 to 2012.

Figure 1.12: Distribution of total number of cases of MSD’s reported to SOCSO, 1995 - 2012
[Source: Annual...

Find Another Essay On Ergonomic Ailments and Their Causes

The Field of Ergonomics Essay

2188 words - 9 pages Background The field of ergonomics stresses the idea of designing the perfect product for people so that whenever the people interact with the product, they are having a beneficial experience and their health and safety is protected by the shape and design of the product. Not only is ergonomics focused on protecting the body, it is also focused on protecting the cognitive abilities (the mind). Therefore, companies should all have ergonomic or

Research Design Essay: Evaluation of the Design of an Experiment

1703 words - 7 pages their age, gender and length of employment and have been randomly allocated to each trial group (Ergonomic Chair and Ergonomic Keyboard condition). There are three dependent variables in the trial; they are Speed, Accuracy and Health Symptoms respectively. Speed is a continuous variable and it can be operationalized by words per minute. Accordingly, Accuracy is also a continuous variable that can be measured by the number of word errors per minute

Health Benefits Of Ergonomics

2248 words - 9 pages of the body as a result of repetitive action over time. Many symptoms may come and go before settling in: aching, tenderness, swelling, pain, cracking, tingling, numbness, loss of strength, loss of joint movement, and diminishing coordination of the injured area. These symptoms can then lead to the disorders listed above. Although the causes of RSI are controversial, most sufferers will agree that a stressful day will worsen their symptoms

Work Stress Costly

1717 words - 7 pages ?Work Stress is Costly and Creates High Employee Turnover? Summer 2001 Introduction Stress at work has become a serious health and economic burden in the U.S. Today?s workers are concerned about losing their job to downsizing, layoffs, mergers, and bankruptcies that have become common in the U.S. in recent years. Workers now have to work harder and are doing unfamiliar tasks. Adding to the pressures are new bosses, changing technology, electric

Work Stress

1872 words - 7 pages Work Stress is Costly and Creates High Employee Turnover Introduction Stress at work has become a serious health and economic burden in the U.S. Today's workers are concerned about losing their job to downsizing, layoffs, mergers, and bankruptcies that have become common in the U.S. in recent years. Workers now have to work harder and are doing unfamiliar tasks. Adding to the pressures are new bosses, changing technology, electric surveillance


1197 words - 5 pages widely recognised major challenges to occupational health and safety (EU-OSHA, 2007). Work-related stress is the response people may have when presented with work demands and pressures that are not matched to their knowledge and abilities and which challenge their ability to cope (Leka, Griffiths, & Cox, 2003). It can affect each worker differently and originate from different sources. Factors outside of the workplace can also contribute to

Ergonomics in Clerical Environments

3097 words - 12 pages furniture and equipment can provide the necessary ergonomic need, it is important to find out how the manufacturer design their products. It is important to consider whether the manufacturers uses ergonomics expert, is the product adjustable, does the product provide comforts for the eyes, neck, wrist and back. It is also vital to find out how the manufacturer test the claims they make for their products and the manufactures reputation for making

Repetitive Strain Injury

996 words - 4 pages addition to carpal tunnel syndrome, other nerve entrapment syndromes are classified as repetitive strain injury. Cubital tunnel syndrome occurs at the elbow when the ulnar nerve becomes entrapped usually the result of an individual rests their elbows on hard surfaces for a long period of time. Guyon tunnel syndrome occurs at the wrist and is caused by prolonged flexion and extension of the wrist (Al-Otaibi, 2001). According to Al-Otaibi, other

Treatment of Common Ailments: Then and Now

928 words - 4 pages antibiotics- which were unheard of in medieval times. Nowadays if someone reported a headache they would not have a hole drilled into their head. They would take some aspirin and a drink of water, and then move on with their lives. In modern times treatment to common ailments is simple: rest, water and some over the counter medicine such as Tylenol or Dayquil. However in medieval Europe the treatment could be something as complex as going on a

Types of stress

1112 words - 5 pages and keep us more essential. Indeed, this type of stress can energize, motivate and raise stressors up in difficulties instead of improve their health. For example, events such as getting married, having a child may increase the motivation of the stressors to the pleasureable. Acute stress is the second types of stress. In contrast, acute stress can comes quickly and disappears quickly. The stressors who suffer acute stress “can either be

health and safety on safety work audit , roles of the employee and employer - plc - essay

1333 words - 6 pages customers, visitors and members of the public. The safety statement represents a commitment to their safety and health it should state the employer will ensure that the resources necessary to maintain and review safety and health laws and standards, their safety and health at work. May include the influence of all working activities including the selection of competent people equipment and materials and the way that work is being done. How good and

Similar Essays

Causes Of Brain Trauma And Their Consequences

1624 words - 7 pages WOMEN`S UNIVERSITY IN AFRICA Addressing gender disparity and fostering equity in University Education INTAKE 13 GROUP NAMES : Mercyline Soko W130140 Idi C. Kasu W130244 TITLE OF ASSIGNMENT: Examine causes of brain trauma and their consequences. PROGRAMME : BSc (Hons) in Psychology COURSE TITTLE : Psychobiology DUE DATE : 10 April 2014 LECTURER’S NAME : Mrs D. Machando SESSION : Evening SEMESTER : 2:1

Stories Of Our Earth: Causes For Ice Ages And Their Impact On Geography

2221 words - 9 pages , eskers, and Kettle Lakes. Most of the evidence that was discovered has to do with the Earth’s geography, the physical features of the Earth. The ways these glaciers affected the landscape were separated into three different categories: erosion, transportation and deposition. Moraines are rocks and debris carried by glaciers, which are large masses of flowing ice and water that flow because of their heavyweight, and put into areas, especially

Asian Economic Crises: What Were The Causes And Consequences? To What Extent Does Their Occurrence Relate To Globalization?

1853 words - 7 pages to have flourished in Thailand and Korea, as farmers and women's groups organized to improve their economic and social situations. In Indonesia, traditional practices to help the poorest members of the community prospered in the early part of the crisis, but faltered, along with religious gatherings, as the crisis deepened. Crime rates had also increased in Thailand, Korea, and Malaysia.I have examined the causes and some consequences of the Asia

What Causes Parents To Physically Punish Their Children And What Effects Can It Have On The Child's Development?

1041 words - 4 pages defined as the thoughts, feelings and emotions that lie within the individual; including the way a person acts and reacts. On the other hand, external influences are the exact opposite of internal. Any environments outside the household and interacting with others can be defined as external influences. The outcomes of this research can influence the opinions of others and whether or not physical punishment is beneficial to them and their children