This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Erich Fromm Essay

728 words - 3 pages

Erich Fromm Erich Fromm, a German-born social psychoanalyst, was born in 1900 in Frankfurt. His father was a business man and, according to Fromm, rather moody. His mother was frequently depressed, his childhood wasn't very happy. He earned his Ph.D degree from University of Heidelberg in 1922. He also studied at University of Munich, and at the Berlin Institute of Psychoanalysis. After emigrating to the United States in 1933, he established a private practice in psychiatry and taught at New York University. He wrote many books, The Anatomy of Human Destructiveness (1973) is one that particularly discusses human behavior. Toward the end of his career, he moved to Mexico City to teach at the University of Mexico. After many years of productive work he retired to Locarno, Switzerland, in 1976. In 1980 he died. Fromm's theory was a blend of Sigmund Freud and Karl Marx. Freud, concluded that instincts determine human behavior. Marx, saw people as being mostly shaped by their society. Fromm became the leading supporter of the idea that most human behavior is a learned response to social conditions. Fromm applied the ideas of sociology to psychoanalysis. He studied the social and cultural process from which people come to learn how to behave according to the society they live in. Fromm focused on character traits that enhance a person's adaptation to society, which lessen inner conflict. He believed that development was concerned with diversity of cultures, and faiths. A place where ones culture or faith is reflected is in their families. He stated that we often think that our way or families way of doing things is the only way, the natural way. We learn how to do things so well that they become routine, social unconscious as Fromm put it. So, many times we believe that we are acting according to our own thoughts, but the truth is that we are only following orders we are so use to we no longer notice them. Fromm felt that if...

Find Another Essay On Erich Fromm

The Genocidal Killer in the Mirror” by Crispin Sartwell and Erich Fromm’s Disobedience as a Psychological and Moral Problem

1586 words - 6 pages the “greater good” of it’s people, forcing the people to see the Tutsis as schemers and assassins to prevent personal injury to themselves and their loved ones. The other article, was Erich Fromm’s “Disobedience as a Psychological and Moral Problem”, in which Fromm illustrates how many can be forced into becoming an automatized man, who simply does as he is told by his superiors, allowing him to become a killer without conscience. Fromm also

The Individual: Betrayal of The True Self

1102 words - 4 pages -Reliance." World of Ideas 8e I-claim. Boston: Bedford/st Martins, 2009. 256-67. Print. Frankl, Viktor E. Man's Search for Meaning. Boston: Beacon, 2006. Print. Fromm, Erich. "The Individual in the Chains of Illusion." World of Ideas 8e I-claim. Boston: Bedford/st Martins, 2009. 325-35. Print.

King Lear as a Commentary on Greed

1136 words - 5 pages King Lear as a Commentary on Greed    In Chapter 4 of a book titled Escape from Freedom, the famous American psychologist Erich Fromm wrote that "Greed is a bottomless pit which exhausts the person in an endless effort to satisfy the need without ever reaching satisfaction" (Fromm 98).  Fromm realized that avarice is one of the most powerful emotions that a person can feel, but, by its very nature, is an emotion or driving force that can

“Boys and Girls” Analysis

1169 words - 5 pages clarified in Erich Fromm’s essay, “Disobedience as a Psychological and Moral Problem (DPMP).” The narrator of “Boys and Girls” goes through different phases of obedience due to her “authoritarian and humanistic conscience” (Fromm 10). Also, by being disobedient she has control of her own authorities. “Humanistic conscience” stops her from doing something inhuman and or from being guilty; it’s the inner voice. As well as her comfort levels and the

All Humans are Human, not all are Humane - English 103 - Essay

1500 words - 6 pages record history. In Buddhism the word sentient means, matter, sensation, perception, mental formations and consciousness. Human’s mental power to think and self-aware consciousness is what sets us apart from all other beings in this world. Humans have complex and moldable minds. Humans perceive right and wrong differently from person to person, and Erich Fromm understands this. The mental capabilities to analyze, and consciousness to choose how to

Depravity for the Sake of Obedience

1189 words - 5 pages their separate writings about obedience, Milgram and psychoanalyst Erich Fromm both compare Eichmann to the ordinary person, someone we can all see ourselves in. While he may not be the ideal person to be equated to, Eichmann’s submission to authority is understandable: had he refused his orders, he most likely would have been arrested or killed, then replaced by someone who was willing to follow commands. So it’s quite probable that those

Obedience and Disobedience in A Few Good Man

1615 words - 6 pages not truly hooked up to the voltage. The experimenter’s goal was to make sure that the teacher followed all orders, even if that meant supposedly harming the learner. Surprisingly, more people obeyed the experimenter rather than following the instinct to help the learner. Likewise, Erich Fromm, a psychoanalyst and philosopher, claims that obedience and disobedience both can have good and bad consequences. Fromm uses religious figures to emphasize

Symbols in The Scarlett Letter

1304 words - 5 pages sin itself. Nonetheless before understanding the novel, one must have a firm knowledge of a symbol. Each individual can define a symbol in his or her own way; Erich Fromm simply defines a symbol as “something that stands for something else” (121). Perrine describes a symbol as “something that means more than what it is” (172). In The Scarlet Letter, an example of a symbol would be the letter A, which means or symbolizes adultery. Then there

Obedience in groups

767 words - 3 pages wrong on all accounts. Society has instigated this separation. The once United States has now become a country filled with disputes from the majority. "The organization man has lost the capacity to disobey; he is not even aware of the fact that he obeys" ( Fromm, 361). A person cannot thrive without being part of a group. There is an on going longing to be a part of a group that is similar to specific individual needs.People have the need to

Public Education Derides Excellence and Promotes Mediocrity

1013 words - 4 pages else to their own level (Lewis 200).” This attitude is destructive for because it prompts the individual to embrace a lie and to try to make it a truth by pulling those who are academically successful down. With this in mind, consider how a truly egalitarian educational system would operate. Erich Fromm, a proponent of egalitarianism, wrote, “Just as modern mass production requires the standardization of commodities, so the social


1824 words - 8 pages authority in Frankenstein. Although a large sum of the disobedience / obedience to authority in Frankenstein is pure disobedience, there are a few instances where a character was obedient—one of these occurrences involved the creature. The creature vows revenge on Victor for creating him, and due to this, the creature carries out revenge, thus illustrating that he obeyed his own authority. Erich Fromm explains that “Obedience to a person, institution

Similar Essays

Erich Fromm: Psychoanalysis And Religion

633 words - 3 pages Erich Fromm in his psychoanalytical approach to religion is distinct from the earlier works of Sigmund Freud. Fromm defines religion as “any system of thought and action shared by a group which gives the individual a frame of orientation and an object of devotion.” Fromm argues that irreligious systems including all the different kinds of idealism and “private” religions deserve being defined as a “religion.” Based on Fromm’s theory, it is

Disobedience As A Psychological And Moral Problem By Erich Fromm

1021 words - 5 pages Necessary Rebellion Erich Fromm is a psychoanalyst and sociologist who wrote many books and journals over the years. Fromm closely studied other psychologists such as Freud and Marx, and he published analytical works on both many other theories. In his essay, “Disobedience as a Psychological and Moral Problem,” Fromm explains that as humans we start out with disobedience, and make it into something horrible—something for which we must repent

Love And Living Erich Fromm's Utopian Society This Paper Is 10 Pages Long Not Including The Abstract And Is In Apa Format

3434 words - 14 pages isolation that man has from nature.Erich Fromm’s Utopian SocietyThe concept of the perfect society has been the focus of many scholars and intellectual for countless years. The great psychoanalysis Erich Fromm was no different; Fromm believed that the post war society was flawed. He theorized that the obsession of humans with possessions and capitalism had poisoned the society. He categorized the type of human illness into five characteristic

Human Consciousness Essay

1786 words - 7 pages Human Consciousness Erich Fromm and Shirley Jackson have both written wonderful true-life affecting essays and should be awarded for them. I appreciate both stories and feel they both set tales to learn from and live by. As a combined theme for both I ‘ld say “human consciousness is more then a gift”. And read on to see what I mean. In Erich Fromm we notice a compassionate concern for the unfolding of life. Fromm claims that "the growing