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Erickson Theory And Its Stages Essay

987 words - 4 pages

Erickson Theory
Arthur Harris
American Intercontinental University
March 16, 2014

Erickson Theory
Two of the most famous people thought that there is a sight difference within the developing stages with a different aspect on development. Those people are Sigmund Freud/ Eric Erickson. Erickson had the most unbelievable eight stages that he believe would help normal people who are born and live from sunrise until sunset. However, there are eight stages to view and it is easier to relate to.

Trust and Mistrust

This particular stage is considered the first stage of the Erickson theory. This stage is the beginning stage ages from birth until two years. The first stage deals with babies and their primary care giver. Because it is the first stage for the newborns the babies are learning and building a trust for his/her care giver. And doing so, if the trust is reliable. The baby will carry this relationship with a sense of ability for trust in their environment as well.

However, the baby will develop mistrust if the relationship with his/her parent or anyone who is unreliable, unkind, and inconsistent. These sorts of conflicts can cause problem within the baby future and this could lead to not having confidence in the baby’s environment. Erickson states, these issues can end up allowing the babies in his/her future insecurities, anxiety, and a case of superstitious.

Autonomy and shame and doubt

In this stage children are most physically and they intend to become more excited.
Independence is beginning at this stage as well the mother experience their little ones by his/her attitude with the choices of choosing what toy to play with or what clothes to wear as well as what food to eat. At this point the child can develop autonomy as well as independence.
A great deal of support is needed during this stage from the parents. It is needed so that the child will not only see failures or chastisement but encounter strong stability. Parents should understand that a balance in the child’s life is essential. It is essential not to whole their hand or do everything for them. Instead direct them to the proper channels in their life. A child can become more confident by encouraging them. And by encouraging them this could lead him/her to become more secure. In addition, if a child is over controlled or scored consistently. Erickson states that this is not good for the child because they tend to feel not important or have the chances to grow properly. As a result of this it could lead the child to have low self esteem.

Initiative and Guilt

The third stage consists of the ages between three through five and it applies to a kid who begins to repeat what they see mom or dad do. At this stage kids intend to make up stories with an imaginary play friends. As a result,...

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