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Erik Erikson Essay

1052 words - 5 pages

Psychosocial development explains the stages through which one healthily human should pass from infancy to late adulthood. There are eight stages in psychosocial development; Trust vs. Mistrust, Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt, Initiative vs. Guilt, Industry vs. Inferiority, Identity vs. Role Confusion, Intimacy vs. Isolation, Generativity vs. Stagnation, and Ego Integrity vs. Despair. In each one of these stages, a person confronts and hopefully masters challenges. Erik Erikson is known for creating these stages of psychosocial development.
Erik Erikson was a German-born American developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst. Born on June 15, 1902 in Frankfurt, Germany, Erikson is well known ...view middle of the document...

The second stage, Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt, is during early childhood. Children need to develop a sense of independence. Developing a sense of independence is very important since at this age children want to feel like they can do stuff on their own and feel accomplished. Success in this stage leads to feelings of autonomy, which is feeling independent and self controlled, but failure leads to shame and doubt. The third stage, Initiative vs. Guilt, occurs during preschool years. In this stage, children need to begin asserting control and power over the environment. Success leads to a sense of purpose. Failure in this stage, which would be when children try to hard to have too much power, usually gets disapproval resulting in guilt. The fourth stage of psychosocial development, Industry vs. Inferiority, is during school ages. Children need to cope with new social academic demands. Success leads to a sense of competence while failure leads to feelings of inferiority. The fifth stage, Identity vs. Role Confusion, is during adolescence years. Teens need to develop a sense of self and person identity. The sixth stage, Intimacy vs. Isolation, occurs during young adulthood. Young adults need to learn to form intimate and loving relationships with other people. Success in this stage leads to strong relationships with others, while failure leads to loneliness and feelings of isolation. The seventh stage, Generativity vs. Stagnation, occurs during mid adulthood. During this stage, adults need to create or nurture things that will outlast them. For example, children or creating a positive change in yourself. Success leads to feelings of usefulness and accomplishments and failure leads to shallow involvement in the world. The eight stage, or the last, occurs during maturity ages. In this stage, Ego vs. Despair, older adults need to look back on life and feel a sense of fulfilment. Looking back at their life they should feel like they had a purpose and accomplished many things. Success leads to feelings of wisdom and knowledge. Failure in this last stage leads to regret, bitterness, and despair. To Erikson, the things that happen that affect during all these stages occur naturally in...

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